Wrath of the generative theory of Neijing
|School||Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine|
|Course||Basic Theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine|
|Keywords||essence qi and spirit anger the producing of emotion the evolution of life five zang organs storing spirits|
Emotion theory is one of the significant components of the theory system of Huangdi neijing. According to it, anger is one of the five elementary emotions of human being. Even within the normal range, anger can bring displeased mental experience, and affect people’s family and social life possibly. If anger is beyond the normal range, it will lead to many kinds of diseases, do harm to people’s mind and body health, and even threaten the patient’s life.In order to solve the medicine problems pertinent to anger, this paper, in the position of TCM, by using the methodology of Huangdineijing, collecting and analyzing related literature of TCM, observing the anger phenomena in everyday life, researched on the producing mechanism of anger.Huangdineijing studied the law of life from the angle of function, macrocosm, and variety. Insisting the academic tradition of Huangdineijing, paying regard to the particularity of qi’s movement and transformation that produces anger, under the visual field that life evolves, this paper afresh researched the discussions of Huangdineijing pertinent to anger. By collecting and analyzing many experts’views, using the logical and reasoning method, many key problems were studied. On the foundations of the study work of many TCM experts, this paper advanced a new hypothesis of the producing mechanism of anger. The hypothesis is expressed as follows.Anger is a kind of emotions and belongs to the category of Shenzhi in the theory of TCM. The producing mechanism of anger of human being comes from the one of animal and has made progress. It’s original and essential meaning is it is a preparative reaction for attack in the next step in order to defend oneself or drive out or conquer one’s enemy, when one’s desires are obstructed or one’s benefit is impinged. The everyday life of human being make it also have the meaning of vindicating the rules of social behaviors that one has accepted. It is just the meaning of the producing mechanism of anger who decides which part of body should be perfused by qi in the process of producing anger.The producing of anger is a complex reaction that involves mind and body. And it is started by the stimulations that come from inside and outside. The movement and transformation of qi in body is the foundation of the producing of anger. The activities of the five Shen in the five Zang organs played the most important roles during the whole process of the producing of anger.Except for some special ones, for most of the stimulations, only when the human being thinks they will obstruct his desires or impinge his benefit or challenge the rules of social behaviors that he has accepted, they can make him angry.In the process of the producing of anger, there are not only basic movement of qi but also information movement of qi.. When qi carries information, it becomes Shenqi. The information movement of qi plays an important role in the process of the producing of anger. In the process of the producing of anger, according to the evolution course, the activities of the five Shen in the five Zang-organs can be divided into three levels. When stimulations are felt, according to the mode of reaction that is commanded and controled by Hun and Po, the Shenqi that carrys animus is made and begins to lead behaviors, and the Shenqi that carrys instruction is made and arrive at the special organs and structures. So large amount of qi begin to move up and forth to the special parts of body and body is prepared for attack. Weather human being decides to attack, the mode of this reaction that is commanded and controled by Hun and Po will not change. In this reaction, the movement of qi produces the expression and the changes of physiology and behavior of anger. In the reaction, all feedback informations are carried to Shen so that one can feel. After has been experienced many times, the combination of feelings, associated with animus, becomes the main emotion feeling experience of anger. Anger is expressed to face and behavior by the movement of qi. Through Yi and Zhi Shen controls and commands the reaction.According to this hypothesis, this paper discussed the application of the producing mechanism of anger in clinical practice. The discussion involved four aspects, they are the diseases that are induced by anger, abnormal anger that is induced by diseases, some emotion therapeutics pertinent to anger, and some measures pertinent to preventing anger in preserving one’s health.