Chinese Modern Writer and Taoist Culture
|Course||Contemporary Chinese Literature|
|Keywords||Modern writers Taoist culture Culture to explore Mental construction Inherited dependent aesthetic|
This paper aims to outline the complex relationship between Taoist Culture and Modern Writers, even modern literature by a comprehensive holistic approach, in terms of the role of modern writers in cultural exploration and traceability, the modern writers’value orientation and the participation of building frame of spirit of literature, the infiltration of the continuation of the aesthetic.The Introduction addresses the formation of Taoist Culture and its background of multi-cultural composition, Taoist characteristic of aesthetics. Taoism used to possess the richest literary temperament before Qin dynasty, providing a broad new way of free mind out of serious music-Confucian system. The Taoist own artistic spirit and aesthetics characteristics, not only nourish the Chinese literature and inexhaustible source of beauty, but also constitute a body of Chinese literature and further became China’s literary soul for the crystallization of ideas and artistic aesthetic pursuit.The first chapter adresses the role of modern writers in cultural exploration and traceability. The occurrence and development of modern Chinese literature are closely related with the impact of Western culture, but modern writers did not just passively accept the western culture, instead, they chose the good and discarded the dross. The traditional Chinese Taoist culture played an important role in this process. When the modern writers were accepting the literary "theory of evolution", romantic ideas of the West, "heterogeneity" of the modern form of the West, the concept of“non-utilitarian" aesthetics, the Taoist culture with its own unique potential and aesthetic qualities participated in the writer’s cultural choices. Taoist culture as a meditation of the modernity, questioned value, exerted influence on the acceptance of the concept of building modern literature. The Taoist culture and modern Western Romantic Literature are the most fit, but also have complex relationship. Western Romantic Literature on the expansion of freedom, attention on the individual, the conversion to the nature, the hostility to dissimilation has great similarity with Taoist culture, but modern Western Romanticism in the tension maintained between the individual and groups, and rebellious spirit are totally not in line with Taoist ideas. As a different form, modernism has been able to be accepted in mainland China, in addition to influence of the May 4 " the period of literary revolution" and the sporadic introduction of modernism, a key potential factor is that the traditional Taoist culture provided a localization of the ideological resources for China’s modern writer can accept fully the traditional "heterogeneity" of modernism.The second chapter discusses the participation of Taoist culture in modern writers’value orientation and building frame of spirit of literature. In terms of seeking the value of the spirit of modern Chinese literature, writers had greater tendency to learn Taoist culture’s ideological theoretical resources as reference.. Although Taoist was excessively abstracted, distorted, amplified, even the ill nature of the whole nation was attributed to the influence of Taoist culture, its spirit was still embodied by literary texts frequently. By the 1930’s and 1940’s, after the Taoist ideas were restated by Shen Congwen, Lin Yutang, and other writers, they participated in the reaffirmation of the national character. We have seen the complexity and embarrassment of traditional culture of thinking in the modern transformation and its domain. Along with the different western spirits flooding into mainland China in the early 20th century, the stage of self-sufficiency of traditional cultural values had been mercilessly broken, some writers chose the Taoist culture, in fact it was treated as a spiritual self-help activity. In essence, Taoist Culture is a philosophy originally from the human nature with great wisdom, although it has some negative aspects, and could not become the theme of modern culture.The third chapter addresses the infiltration of the modern writers’continuation of the aesthetic,the recognition of the "aesthetic" as a product of modernity, and points out that it was originally from the Western ideological theory , but can not deny traditional Chinese culture with the aesthetic thinking, or involved with the aesthetic knowledge, the distinction between moral and aesthetic issues. In the history of modern Chinese literature, the unique aesthetic qualities of Taoist culture in the works of writers were fully reflected. Taoist culture brings a unique aesthetic vision to the Chinese Modern Literature landscape. The unique aesthetic traditional romance and freedom of Taoist culture make modern Chinese literature more romantic and beautiful. Taoist culture’s yearning for natural aesthetic pursuit makes modern literary works have more concerns on the nature, and then find out the natural beauty. the poetic narrative aesthetic way which Taoist culture stresses builds up the entire Chinese literature poetic narrative traditions, thereby creating a unique beauty of poetry.The conclusion summarizes the uniqueness of the Taoist culture in the development of modern literature. In the cultural exchanges and collision between eastern and western culture, in the construction of spirit of modern literary, in the writer’s aesthetic continuity, although it is impossible that Taoist culture becomes the mainstream of modern culture, it is rather an integral factor of modern culture, it enriches in the rapid development of modern literature in the spirit of accomplishment and artistic expression, brightens modern Chinese literature and culture.