Dissertation > Economic > Economic planning and management > Enterprise economy > Enterprise planning and management decision - making

Research on Relationship between Corporate Social Capital and Technological Innovation: Based on the Viewpoint of Organizational Learning

Author LiuShouXian
Tutor ZhaoJingHua
School Shandong University
Course Business management
Keywords Corporate social capital Technological innovation Organizational learning Social capital - oriented The stock of knowledge
CLC F272
Type PhD thesis
Year 2008
Downloads 1662
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With the development of economically globalization and information and communication technology,there are racial changes in the fields of business strategy and technological innovation.The focus of research about business strategy is from atomic viewpoints,which is embodied in Porter’s position school and RBV,to the network viewpoints that emphasize the combination between firm inner and outer.And in the transition,social capital(SC)theory provides a new prospect and a frame of reference for study on business strategy.Simultaneously,there is transition in the field of technological innovation,that is,technological innovation modes changes from closed innovation to open innovation.Enterprises innovating openly more emphasizes the cooperation and symbiosis of technological innovation.Furthermore,it is particularly critical for enterprise to obtain the advantage of innovation that enterprise should continuously make knowledge stock more thick by acquiring a great deal of knowledge,especially tacit knowledge,and learning.Accommodating the market trend,research on the combination and relationship between corporate social capital(CSC)and technological innovation connects business strategy theory with technological innovation theory.The mode of open technological innovation and CSC request enterprise make knowledge stock that is not completely exploited thick by some new mode such as sharing in knowledge assets,cooperating with external partner and so on.The exploitation and exploration in knowledge stock promotes technological innovation performance and strengthens enterprise’s advantages in market.Exploratory learning and exploitative learning are important ways to stimulate the latent capacity effectively and enhance the knowledge stock that enterprise’s technological innovation depends on.And the innovative knowledge acquired by exploratory learning and exploitative learning is gradually critical source for enterprise to create new knowledge and new products or services.Moreover,it is impossible that acquiring,utilizing,integrating and creating new knowledge depart from external environment.And organizational learning activities of enterprise also need assistance and cooperation among many functional departments in enterprise.Accordingly,it is useful not only to extend the application of social capital in the field of corporate technological innovation,but also useful to deeply recognize the channels by which corporate improves the level of technological innovation that we examine the relationship between CSC and technological innovation in the context of exploratory learning and exploitative learning.The dissertation starts with literature review on social capital,organizational learning and technological innovation.Then,the thesis analyzes the procedure of acquiring different types of novel knowledge in the process of corporate technological innovation.To go a step further, we conclude that there is much disparity in characteristic of knowledge corporate obtains with different social capital archetypes.Base on literature review on materials of CSC, organizational learning and technological innovation published currently,a conceptual model is developed to deduce the relationship among CSC,modes of organizational learning,and performance of different types of technological innovation.And considering the mediate role of exploratory learning and explorative learning,the relationship is comprehensively and systematically analyzed between the structural,relational,cognitive dimension of CSC and performance of different types of technological innovation by collecting data of high technology firms in China.In this work,the questionnaire is used to collect data.The research drew on a convenient sample of 264 high technology ventures.Totally,the research obtained data from 101 firms, for a valid participation rate of 38.2%.Using statistic analysis software such as SPSS and AMOS,the data is computed and analyzed.And some methods such as correlation analysis, main component factor analysis,multiple linear regression and structural equation modeling(SEM)were used to verify all the hypothesis deduced from the conceptual model empirically.And some interesting and important conclusions are as follows:(1)The dissertation brings up a concept of archetype and points the difference of characteristics between cooperative social capital archetype and entrepreneurial social capital archetype.And the difference is mainly reflected in characteristic of structural,relational and cognitive dimension of corporation social capital.Respectively,network structure characteristic represents the structural dimension of CSC,trust among many partners representing the relational dimension of CSC,and structural characteristic of knowledge among partners representing the cognitive dimension of CSC.Furthermore,at one extreme, the cooperative social capital archetype is characterized by a dense social network with strong ties among it members,generalized trust and a common architectural knowledge.At the other extreme,the entrepreneurial social capital archetype is characterized by more sparse and non-redundant network,dyadic resilient trust and a common component knowledge.(2)The dissertation concludes that different social capital archetypes will result in different organizational learning modes and knowledge flow modes in technological innovation procedure.Respectively,core innovation unit’s relationships in firm with external partners reflect the characteristic of exploratory learning and an entrepreneurial archetype, whereas their relationships with compulsory innovation unit reflect the characteristic of exploitive learning and the cooperative archetype.(3)Based on the classification of technological innovation unit and development of innovative knowledge flow model,the dissertation addressed two bundles of practices that are aligned with cooperative and entrepreneurial archetypes.Managing the cooperative archetype may be facilitated by interdependent work structures,clan-fostering initiatives and broader skill development.And managing the entrepreneurial archetype may be supported by flexible work structures,result-based incentives and trans-specialist development.(4)The dissertation examined and measured CSC with structural,relational and cognitive dimension,and empirically verified the hypothesis about the relationship between CSC and different types of technological innovation.The results suggested that with exploratory learning and exploitative learning not considered,the relationships is significant between the level of structural,relational,cognitive dimension of CSC and different types of technological innovative performance.(5)The dissertation exploited scales of CSC,exploratory learning,exploitative learning, incremental technological innovation and radical technological innovation,and the scales is proved reliable and valid.The results suggested that the scales can be used in the study on the relationships between CSC and technological innovation.(6)Based on multiple regression analysis and analysis of SEM,the conceptual model was acceptable involving the level of structural,relational,cognitive dimension of CSC with significant effect on different types of technological innovative performance by using exploratory learning and exploitative learning.The results showed that structural,relational and cognitive dimension of CSC have direct effects on exploratory learning and exploitative learning,and that exploratory learning and exploitative learning have direct effects on incremental and radical technological innovation.The mediation effects of exploratory learning and exploitative learning are confirmed in path and effects analysis.

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