Study on Development of the Farmer’s Special Cooperative Economic Organization in Hebei Province
|School||Northwest University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||Farmer’s special cooperative economic organization (FSCEO) Farmers professional cooperation development Hebei Province|
Since 1980’s, Farmer’s Specialized Cooperative Economic Organization (FSCEO) quietly emerged in some villages of China as a new organization and operation mode in the new rural economical system, along with the rural economic reform with the household contract responsibility system. FSCEO in Hebei Province began during the same period, and demonstrated high vitality as it developed further, which largely reduced the segmentation effect embedded in the household contract responsibility system.Since 1990’s, FSCEO has been highly regarded by the government with a strong institutional and financial support since 2003. The FSCEO as a formal mode of rural economic organization was legitimated when the Farmer Cooperatives Act was conducted on 31, Dec, 2006. It was further stressed in the Party’s“first document”in 2007 that modern operation system should be used to improve agriculture, which showed a higher level was reached in terms of our government’s attitude towards the role of farmer’s operation system in modern agriculture development.In this paper, by taking the FSCEO in Hebei Province as an example, we study the issues in developing the FSCEO with theoretical foundations in Economics, Sociology and Management.Firstly, related research results were summarized and evaluated. The development history of rural FSCEO was reviewed with a critical thinking to form the basic thoughts and starting point of the paper. Secondly, the development history of rural FSCEO in Hebei Province was studied; characteristics, problems, favorable conditions and constraints during the development were analyzed with typical cases. Finally, the path for further development of rural FSCEO in Hebei Province was given.The paper includes 8 chapters:In Chapter 1, Introduction, background and objectives of this study were elaborated. After the summary and evaluation of the past studies, the research ideas and methods were introduced, and possible contributions were pointed out.In Chapter 2, Basic Theories for FSCEO,in which main concepts used in this paper were defined. Basic theories of economics and management which used in this paper were introduced, including Institutional Change Theory, Property Rights Theory, Scale of Operation in Agriculture Theory, Public Choice Theory, Cooperatives Theory, Organization and Management Theory and Human Capital Theory, etc.Chapter 3 is about the development of FSCEO in the world. The histories and status of FSCEO in the world were introduced, which provided a valuable reference for the study on FSCEO in Hebei Province.Chapter 4 is the history and consideration of the FSCEO in Hebei Province. Beginning with the development history of FSCEO in Hebei Province, the development characteristics of FSCEO in Hebei Province was analyzed from different perspectives, problems in the development was put forward, and main reasons for the problems were analyzed, which provided practical methods for further research.Chapter 5 is about empirical analysis of the development potential of FSCEO in Hebei Province. On the basis of investigation of 30 cases of FSCEO and their members in Hebei Province, the important rule of FSCEO in leading and service for members, weakness and problems encountered in the development were analyzed. Then, two typical types of FSCEO, association and cooperatives, were analyzed mainly from the viewpoint of internal operation mechanism and difficulties during the development, which implied further development path for FSCEO in Hebei Province.Then,analysis the main factors for the development of FSCEO in Hebei Province was analyzed systematically, which provided a basis for putting forward a Targeted Response.Chapter 6 is about path for further development of FSCEO in Hebei Province.the development FSCEO in Hebei Province. First, basic condition is necessary. Then, Based on the analysis of advantages of the development of FSCEO in Hebei Province, follow the principles, put forward FSCEO in Hebei Province.Chapter 7 the strategies for further development of FSCEO in Hebei Province was discussed in this chapter, providing some suggestions for the development of FSCEO in Hebei Province.Chapter 8 is concluding remarks. The content of this paper was summarized, and the direction for further study given.