Study on Industrial Organization of Agricultural Products Processing in Xinjiang
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||Agricultural Products Processing Industry Industrial Organization Monopolistic Competition SCP Paradigm the Effectiveness of Competition|
To develop the processing industry of agricultural products is not only the successful experience in the development of agriculture in developed countries, but also the means necessary to enhance the competitive power of agriculture in China. At present, the lag of processing of agricultural products is the main obstacle to agricultural development in Xinjiang, and the problems in the industrial organization are the deep-seated reasons that hinder the agricultural products processing in Xinjiang. With the industrial organization theory, this dissertation studies on the development of the agricultural product processing industry in Xinjiang, and grope for the restriction of industrial organization. Based on these, it puts forward some policy suggestions to optimize the industrial organization of the processing of agricultural products in Xinjiang. And these will be quite significant to enhance the perfomance of the processing of agricultural products, to boost up the competitive power of agriculture, and to offer strong industry support for the building a new socialist countryside in Xinjiang.The theory of Industrial Organization is one applied economics that study on the rilationship of monopoly and competition between the corporations in a specific industry in order to reveal the intrinsic laws, and to provide policy recommendations for the decision-makers and the policy-makers. The theory of monopolistic competition is the core content of industrial organization theory, and SCP is the mainstream analysis paradigm in industrial organization theory. Based on the theory of monopolistic competition and with the SCP analysis paradigm, this dissertation makes an empirical analysis on the market structure, market conduct and market performance of five major industries of agricultural products processing including Food Processing, Food Manufacturing, Beverage Production, Textile Industry and Papermaking and Paper Products. This dissertation has eight chapters as follows:Chapter 1: the introduction to the dissertation. After the research background, purpose and significance, it makes a general discussion about some related documentation, the objects and the scope to study, methods, innovation, as well as the framework of the dissertation.Chapter 2: the analysis of the theory of industrial organization. It analyses the core contents of the theory of industrial organization, and they are the monopoly competition theory and SCP theoretical paradigm, which are the theory and method foundation of this dissertation.Chapter 3: the market structure of the industry of agricultural product processing in Xinjiang. From market concentration, differentiation of products, economies of scale and the barriers to entry and exit, it makes an empirical analysis on the market structure of the industry of agricultural product processing in Xinjiang. The basic features of the market structure of the agricultural product processing industry in Xinjiang include a low degree of market concentration, the low level of product differentiation, the low level of economies of scale, the low barriers to entry but the higher barriers to exit.Chapter 4: the market conduct of the enterprises of agricultural products processing in Xinjiang. From the price, advertising, scientific and technological innovation, and mergers and reorganization, with the method of descriptive statistics and case analysis, it makes an empirical analysis on the typical market conducts of the agricultural products processing enterprises in Xinjiang. At present, the conducts of the agricultural products processing enterprises are still in the low-level state and they can not effectively use the modern market price and non-price competition means mainly reflected in single pricing method with little pricing rights, insufficient input in advertising and scientific and technological innovation, and excessive intervention in mergers and reorganization by the executive branch of government. Business goals, market structure and the level of regional development are the three major factors that influence the market conduct of the agricultural product processing enterprises in Xinjiang.Chapter 5: the market performance of the industry of agricultural products processing in Xinjiang. From a macro and micro level, and from five aspects of the contribution to the national economic growth rate, the efficiency of resource distribution, technological progress, labor productivity, and industry losses, it makes an empirical analysis on the market performance of the agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang. At present, the performance of agricultural product processing industry in Xinjiang is bad that the contribution to the national economy is low, profit of industry is low with inefficient allocation of resources, technical progress is backward, there is a widening gap of all-personnel labor productivity between Xinjiang and the national average. Through the analysis on the relationship between the structure, behavior, performance, it shows that there is a significant positive correlation between the market structure, the market conduct and the market performance of the agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang.Chapter 6: the judgement of the competitive effectiveness of agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang. Based on the empirical analysis of structure, behavior and performance, it makes the judgement of the effectiveness of market competition of agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang. The industrial competitiveness in the market is basically at a low level state of excessive competition. The contradiction between the expansion of the scale of production and market capacity limited, the short-term behavior of local governments, the low specialization and cooperation and the unperfect social security system are the deep-seated reasons.Chapter 7: the objectives, ideas and policy recommendations to the industry organization optimization of the agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang. To promote effective competition and improve the competitiveness of industries, the goal of optimization of industrial organization in Xinjiang is to form the market structure and competition pattern of“oligarchs-led, large, medium and small symbiotic”. The current excessive competition of agricultural product processing industry in Xinjiang is under the background of small scale and laggard economy, so it must expand the overall scale with the industry organizations simultaneously. Accordingly, the dissertation put forward some policy recommendations to optimize the industrial organization and to promote the development of the agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang.Chapter 8: the conclusion and prospect of the dissertation.The dissertation analyzes the industrial organization of the agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang with the methods of empirical analysis, normative analysis, case analysis and comparison analysis. There are four main innovations of the dissertation: Firstly, it transform the research perspective. Secondly, it consummates the indexes system that measures the market performance. Thirdly, it probes into the validity of market competition. Fourthly, it puts forward that it must optimize the industrial organization of the agricultural products processing industry in Xinjiang with the overall expansion simultaneously.