China 's poverty-stricken areas of self-development capacity study
|Keywords||poverty-stricken area self-development ability subject function area|
The research on how to eliminate poverty in the economic development process has great charisma to attract numerous people with lofty ideals to explore it. This text, regarding China’s regional and poor phenomenon as the clue and the cultivation of self-development ability in the poverty-stricken area as the purpose, from a brand-new visual angle, has put forward a kind of new explanation and evidence of the development and poverty alleviation of China.First of all, the research of this text is based on summarizing the evolution of developing view. The evolution of developing view lets people realize that, the economic development of mankind has experienced a process from a purely economic growth to sustainable development, then to the people-centered development. With the development of economy, the era of the simple pursuit economic growth has already become history. The people-centered development view will become the soul of economic development, the guiding the continuous economic development.Secondly, the research of this text regards the introspection and understanding on the practice of development and poverty alleviation of China as the prerequisite. The large-scale, organized and planned development and poverty alleviation of China have made the noteworthy achievements in the world for more than 20 years. But as the poverty alliviation practice is deepened furtherly, the poverty obviously demonstrates some new characteristics-regionality, nationality and vulnerability. This is mainly due to their weaker self-development ability.From the perspective of the regional function, introducing the ability analysis method in regional economic development, this text thinks that regional self-development ability is a comprehensive concept, referring to the total of regional natural productivity and social productivity. It is the whole description of the accumulation state of natural capital, physical capital, human capital and social capital in a region. This kind of ability emphasizes its own foundation of regional economic development and hemutopoiesis function, but it does not repel the impetus to this regional economic development of peripheral strength. On the contrary, it is the inherent foundation for the peripheral strength to function.For the actual situation of poverty-stricken areas, this text establishes the self-development ability assessment index system in poverty-stricken areas and assesses the self-development ability of 43 national key poverty-stricken counties in Gansu province applying this system. The results proved that the ability of self-development in poverty-stricken areas has great relevance with such as the key elements gathering degree, the development potential, supporting conditions, the disaster conditions, the initial conditions of the development of regional economic and so on. On this basis, this text has put forward the relevant countermeasure and suggestion of fostering regional self-development ability in the view of natural capital, manpower capital, social capital and economy gathering.