A Study on Informal Employment of Landless Farmers at Lianmeng Community in Dujiangyan
|School||Southwest Jiaotong University|
|Keywords||Integration of urban and rural areas Landless farmer Informal employment Empirical research|
In the late 1990’s, process of the integration of urban and rural areas has been rapidly developed. Through this kind of movement, with a great speed and in a large size, lots of rural land has been occupied which leaves amounts of farmers who lose their lands. While economy develops in the process of integration of urban and rural areas, majority of rural population are moving towards cities, like rural migrants in Western countries, and most of them conduct informal economic activities limited by their human resource and social relationship or because they are willing to. The subject of "landless farmers with informal employment in Lianmeng community in Dujiangyan" is discussed as the key point in the thesis. With systemic and overall research on site, it analyses reasons for informal employment of those landless farmers; that is they often live in a unstable state which leads to that a stable relationship can not be formed between informal employment population and the city with several types of short-term society behavior. Based on analysis of data from empirical research and present policy, this paper shows features, influencing factors and existing problems of landless farmers in informal employment, such as unfair treatment they suffer in labor market, long stay in informal department because of policy limitation, fragile labor relationship, no stable society security and income, and living in a tense and fragile state, etc. In order to improve and promote long, stable and sustainable informal employment of landless farmers, the writer attempts to conduct thorough analysis on present state, existing problems and influencing factors in informal employment of landless farmers involved in this research, accordingly offer advice and policy guide to make it reasonable, in order to realize comprehensive and coordinated development in employment of landless farmers in Chengdu.