Study on Religious Policy Since the Founding of New China
|School||Guangdong Ocean University|
|Course||Marxism in China|
|Keywords||Religious policy New China Marxist view of religion|
Religion is a long-standing complex social cultural phenomenon. Religion has an important influence on human society of historical process. China has a long and religious tradition, besides aboriginality outside of Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism afferent time is long, Chinese culture and social influence to the deep to giant. Treat correctly and dealing with religious problems after the founding of the communist party of China people facing an important issue. To this, the Chinese communists guided by Marxism religion standpoint, combined with the actual situation of China’s religious, concrete is of positive theoretical exploration and practice to develop the new basic religious policies in the new period, and according to new circumstances, new problems, a new exploration. The basic establishment new religious policies and continuous improvement is the course of Chinese Marxism religion standpoint. But this process was not all plain sailing, sixty years our party and government on how to treat correctly and dealing with religious gained plenty of successful experience, but also has the profound lessons. Comprehensive and systematic investigation since the founding of the religious policies, and summarize the experience and lessons westem and clear mark socialism religion in China’s development context for the present and the future, and to formulate correct effective religious policies and adopt reasonable religious working policy has the important practical significance.This paper is divided into four most main contents. The first part is the founding of religious policy review theoretical basis and historical origin. Its theoretical basis is the Marxism religion and early main Chinese communists about religious knowledge, thoughts, ideas, etc. The Soviet republic of China about religious policy constitution outline of the paper and the communist party of China and religious based on political patriotic united front of the experience in the process of new China establish basic religious policy established practice base. The second part is the basic religious policy founding the establishment and religious reform. Religious policy legalization is basically established new symbol of religious policy. About religious "Five Theories" was put forward for China’s religious situation and characteristics of the communist party of China, is also highly generalization of Marxist religious people the important contribution. Han nationality area religious system of democratic reforms abolished the feudal system and privileges of religion, but also to China from imperialist domination of religion. The third part is the comprehensive construction socialist period during the "cultural revolution" and the religious policy. The comprehensive construction socialist period and during the Cultural Revolution is the Chinese communist party in socialist condition, to treat correctly and deal with the difficult problem of religion, explorative accumulated valuable experience but also have a profound lesson. MAO zedong in "On the Correct Handling of Contradictions among the People" forward "in two different conflicts", to solve the problem of religion provides important theoretical framework. Minority areas of democratic reform religious system completely changed in these areas, the feudal system of exploitation, and religion in minority areas for establishing a socialist system has cleared the way. In the han areas develop socialist education movement religious and, on the other hand, make the upper echelons of religious believers and the better understanding of the socialism, further strengthened they walk the road of socialism with determination; On the other hand the religious areas of the class struggle enlargement, put some should the believers vitalizing the people’s category, and damages as dictatorship object the interests of religious believers. Cultural Revolution "Leftist" religious policy thoroughly violated the party’s policy on freedom of religious belief and Marxism religion. The fourth part is since the reform and opening up, the religious policy. Since the reform and opening up, the policy of religious freedom and religious work to be able to fully recover, and become more perfect. Mainly displays in: for religious affairs according to law, strengthen the management, actively guide religions and socialist ADAPTS, properly deal with religious foreign exchange and political penetration relations, continue to promote religious affairs management scientific and legalization, give full play to the religion in promoting social harmony positive role, etc.