The Inspection of Government Officials’Salary and Standard of Living in Nanjin Republic of China
|Keywords||Nanjing National Government government official salary welfare the living condition|
This paper starts with the Nanjing National Government official’s salary and welfare policies, by analyzing and comparing a number of historical wage and prices data, combines with the government officials and other groups’description of the living, to summarize the changing orbit of the Nanjing National Government official’s general standard of living. Because the research of the government official’s salary was focused on the basic salary , the paper tries to research with the welfare to reveal the government official’s living conditions from another respect.The period of Nanjing National Government is the beginning and developing of modern government officials system period. Based on the actual living condition of the government officials, this period can be divided into three stages, Namely: from the starting of the Nanjing National Government to the outbreak of the war of Anti-Japanese、the period of the war of Anti-Japanese、after the war until the collapse of Nanjing National Government,in three stages,due to the factors such as the wage policy、welfare and the price level, the living condition of National Government officials ups and downs, presents a historical picture of twists and turns.The outline of this paper is divided on the base of these three stages.The first decade of the Nanjing National Government,as the stable price,good income,National Government official’s living condition is very good , in the period of the war of Anti-Japanese,National Government official’s living gradually deteriorated, after the war,after a shortly breath ,National Government official’s living extremely deteriorated.Due to the key factor that affected the National Government official’s living condition is the price ,in each stage,the author mainly through the study of price changes and the changes in the cost of living to measure the living condition of National Government officials.Finally,by analyzing the response of the National Government to official’s living condition change,study the gains and losses of National Government’s policy to make some historical experience.