Dissertation > Environmental science, safety science > The basic theory for the Environment and Science > Environmental Chemistry > Environmental Analytical Chemistry

Study on the Composition of Organic-mineral Complex and Distribution Characteristic of Organic Carbon of Sediment from Reservoir in Black Soil Region in Northeast China

Author WangMingYang
Tutor ZhaoLanPo
School Jilin Agricultural University
Course Environmental Engineering
Keywords The black soil region of Northeast China Lake sediment organic-mineral complex organiccarbon Distribution characteristics
CLC X132
Type Master's thesis
Year 2012
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Organic carbon is an important part of organic inorganic complex. In modern sediments, the content of organic matter and mineral particle size are closely related, while carbon cycling is in global change research.In order to discuss the distribution features of organic carbon of the static water lakes sediment and the surrounding soil relationship, and to provide the theory basis for studying organic pollution condition of the library lake, this article researched the characteristic of reservoir sediment in the black soil region of Northeast China whose organic-mineral complex composing and organic carbon distributing, by the tested materials in Changchun City of Xinlicheng Reservoir sediment and reservoir surrounding soil, through the way of particle size fractionation for the separation of complex. The results indicated that, the substrate sludge stuck in the average level of complexes for65%of18.7%for the face, and by3.1%to sand, and its surrounding soil of the average concentration of clay, silt, sand were28.8%,29.5%,31%, the total soil organic carbon in sediment content average was17.4g/kg, contrast of soil for15.4g/kg, the grain size of sediment organic carbon content of the clay complex were24.7g/kg,14.4g/kg powder, sand1.84g/kg, soil were30.6g/kg,13.63g/kg powder, sand for2.67g/kg, sediment was on the mean value of1.24HA/FA, soil was1.78. From this we can see that on the composition of organic-mineral complex in clay complex mainly, complex content of powder second, complex content of sand at least. The sediment organic carbon content was higher than that of soil, sediment clay grade complex organic carbon content were all higher than the soil, while the sediment particle complexes and sand complex organic carbon content were lower than those of contrast soil, on the HA/FA are smaller than those in the contrast of soil. Sediment clay mineral composition mainly vermiculite, illite, kaolinite, quartz and a small amount of montmorillonite and chlorite, control soil clay mineral composition mainly vermiculite, illite, kaolinite, quartz and a small amount of montmorillonite.

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