Research Abort the Ecological Compensation Mechanism of Dongjiang River Basin
|Keywords||dongjiang river basin water source protection areas ecologicalcompensation mechanism of ecological compensation|
At present, the shortage of water resources and deterioration of water quality problems in the world have become increasingly prominent. So the exploitation and utilization of water resources for water source protection area is not only related to the whole basin’s economic and social development, but can also affect more extensive area with more profound meaning. As the effects of economic and social activities continue lasting, it has been changing the dynamic balance of water source protection area, so that the normal ecological service function gets reduced and even lost. Therefore the water source protection area has invested a lot of manpower, material, financial resources to realize ecological construction and protection of water resources, and lay out the strict rules on the production and industry selection, which seriously hindered the economic development and the improvement of people’s living standard and the contradiction between environmental protection and economic development is increasingly prominent. Everything taken into consideration, We must further accelerate the establishment and improvement of ecological compensation mechanism of the water source protection areas to realize the balance of interests and obligations of every basin stakeholders and straighten out the relationship between ecological benefit and use the water source protection area, so as to realize the whole basin water resources reasonable development and utilization and sustainable economic and social development.What this article want to focus on as the first point is the concepts related to the water source protection areas of ecological compensation mechanism, including the ecological compensation, ecological compensation mechanism, water source protection concepts of ecological compensation and feature, what is more,based on this, it also introduces the theory concerned ecological compensation in a simple way, Including the externality theory, public goods theory, resource value theory and governance theory to explain the objectivity and necessity of establishment of ecological compensation mechanism in water source protection area.Secondly, it summarize the current situation of ecological compensation mechanism of water source protection areas and conclude the problems of ecological compensation mechanism of water source protection areas in our country at present,such as that laws and regulations are not perfect, the standard of ecological compensation is not clear, the ecological compensation mode is single and difficult to of finance, and evaluation and supervision mechanism is not perfect, combined with the example of ecological compensation in Dongjiang River Source Area.When it comes to put much emphasis on how to improve the ecological compensation mechanism of water source protection areas, nothing can illustrate and solve the problem more explicitly than the following concepts, including the countermeasures of Laws and regulations, the standard of ecological compensation, ecological compensation mode, Fund-raising operation, Assessment and supervision and so on, hoping that these measures can make contribution to the construction of ecological compensation for Water source protection area of our country.