The Impact of China’s Industrial Export Trade on Carbon-emission
|School||Zhejiang Technology and Business University|
|Keywords||export trade impact on carbon emissions low-carbon Sustainable development|
People scarcely concerned the scarcity of carbon sinks resources in low degree of industrialization, but, with the increase of industrialization degree, negative environmental externalities caused by carbon-emissions which rise from industrial expansion gradually become apparent. At present, it has become imminent for all countries to promote coordinated development between socio-economy and environment. A series of international climate regime or environmental arrangements were gradually pushed through since the early1990s, like’United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’and’Kyoto Protocol’. Especially during the period after the financial crisis, under the dual pressures of international climate change and industrial reconstruction, low-carbon economy is rising and promotes sustainable development of emerging market countries. As world’s largest supplier of carbon dioxide emission market, China has broad development prospects of low-carbon economy, but it also means china is burdening rising environmental costs which are increasingly becoming obstacles to China’s sustainable foreign trade development. Thus, problems about trade-related carbon-emissions are gradually gotten mainstream economics’concern, indubitably, in the context of globalization, in-depth studying the impact of China’s export trade on carbon emission has a far more profound significance.In this paper, we apply an improved model of environmental effects of trade to test impacts of’scale effect of export trade on carbon-emissions’,’structure effect of export trade on carbon-emissions’,’market effect of export trade on carbon-emissions’and’policy effect of export trade on carbon-emissions’on carbon emissions of14industrial sectors. On the whole, under5%significance level, export of’food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing’,’textiles, clothing, shoes, hat manufacturing’,’leather, furs, down and related products manufacturing’,’chemicals and chemical products manufacturing’,’rubber products industry’,’plastic products industry’,’fabricated metal products industry’ all have negative impacts on the environment and cause a carbon-emission increase, but’non-metallic mineral products industry’in the significance level of10%increases carbon-emission; export of ’mining industry’,’pharmaceutical manufacturing’,’ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry’,’non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry’,’mechanical, electrical, electronic equipment and transportation equipment manufacturing’ in5%significance level will have a positive impact on the environment and cause a carbon-emission decline;’paper and paper products industry’in the significance level of10%reduces carbon emission.In addition, results of granger causality test between variable for carbon emission and variables representing four effects support that, with expansion of export scale, the status of carbon emission is affected by four effects; also, carbon emission plays an important role in four effects. It suggests that export expansion could partly explain the change of carbon pollution status, while proving that negative environment policy also can lead to expand export scale. At the end of the paper, we propose some policy recommendations based on empirical findings, which aims to coordinate export trade and energy saving to help to improve the status of the industry.