Two-part Tariff in the Application of Freeway Toll
|Keywords||Two-part Tariff Freeway Long-term rational Quasi-public Good|
Transportation industries are the basis of the national economy, with overall and guiding. Its development and national economic development are closely related. Freeway is a modern transportation infrastructure, with its large capacity, high speed and high security as the salient features of modern industrial structure to adapt to the development needs of the important backbone of the transport and transport channels. Highway obvious commodity and quasi-public goods, from a user perspective and a fair long-term road investment decision-making point of view, on the highway user charge a reasonable fee is conducive to expanding the use of financing highway construction and improve the efficiency of long-term decision-making Fairness and reasonableness.This paper studies the economic nature of the highway, describes the reasonableness of the charges and the positive. Commonly used in the analysis of road pricing charges, based on pricing obtained these fees in a fair and feasible with some defects on the conclusions. And for the above conclusions, from how to make profits of consumer utility and manufacturers to achieve a win-win perspective, give full consideration to road operators and road users, the economic interests of the two groups by analyzing traffic volume and toll rates for the interaction was proposed based on Two-part Tariff of Highway Toll Pricing theory method.The use of the highway as people with long-term, repeatable and optional, the user will face, "whether to use highways" and "pay into the fee, since when using the highway," the two issues. On this basis, this paper constructed the relevant model and parameters, analyzes the two theory in the pricing of highway toll, and derive the optimal pricing to determine two. This article focuses on road users and long-term perspective of rational pricing in the fixed costs of the two decision mechanisms, respectively, of the road users and road operators constrained by the conditions of the user when the long-term rational use of the optimal decision, and thus have the result of study:whether road users pay for and use the highway and consumer decision-making depends on the net effect of fixed costs of relationship. If the net effect of fixed costs were higher than consumption, the user will not use the highway, otherwise use. Highway operator’s decision-making on the consumer for the current valuation.