Domestic politics and international civil aviation system changes (1944-1980S)
|School||Foreign Service Institute|
|Keywords||the Domestic Politics Air Freedom Air Sovereignty Chicago Convention Bermuda Principle Bermuda Principle II Regime Evolution in International Aviation|
The history of regime evolution in international aviation covering Chicago Convention in1944, Bermuda Agreement in1946, Bermuda Agreement II in1976as well as American Challenge to the regime in the late1970s is equal to the history of games between the two hegemonic aviation powers—US and UK. They are both winners and losers to each other.There is no doubt that US is more Competitive than UK in the field of international aviation after World War II. However, the Chicago Convention in1944, Bermuda Agreement in1946, Bermuda Agreement II in1976were much closer to the preference of UK. Why? The domestic politics including president, Congress and interest groups in both US and UK did make sense.Firstly, I will divide the history of regime evolution in international aviation into three periods: from "air freedom" to "air sovereignty", from "Chicago Convention" to "Bermuda Agreement", from "Bermuda Agreement II" to "American Challenge to regime in late1970s". Secondly, I will examine the role the domestic politics played in the regime evolution.