Morphology Analysis of Ming Dynasty Architecture Form in Laoying Bao Fort Defensive Settlement
|School||Taiyuan University of Technology|
|Course||Architectural History and Theory|
|Keywords||Laoying bao fort defensive settlement of Ming Dynasty morphology analysis of traditional residences protective measures|
Shanxi Province, known as the solid, terrain, easily defensible. The steep topography and varied terrain make Shanxi become "the back garden" of the ancient capital in past dynasties. In the Ming Dynasty, Shanxi region south aggression against Mongolian become a national defense priorities and military core, the Nine Important thus formed. The late Ming Dynasty, northern Shanxi became the main defense line of defense in Mongolia’s South, here lies countless large and small military fortresses, these military fortresses not only in the history of the Chinese nation against foreign aggressions, sketched a heavy sum, engraved with a brilliant chapter in the history of the development of China Defensive Settlement..Laoying bao fort defensive settlement located in Piantou guan (one of the outside three guan) east80miles off the Guan river valley, called "the first town of Three guan", surrounded by mountains. The east boundary Pinglu, the west confronted with Piantou, the south border Ningwu, the north facing Qingshui River. Unique geographical environment gives it a special strategic significance. And in its surrounding Jiajia fort, Mazhan fort, Baliushu fort, Shuiquan fort, Huashijian fort, Hanjia Ping fort echoed each other by the Freemasons, the formation of a unique linear historical and cultural heritage.Through many researches of the Laoying bao and its surrounding fort field visits, survey research methods to the fort defensive settlement of Ming Dynasty, made an in-depth in terms of the natural environment, cultural background, architectural form, and protection measures analysis and discussion. The author also promoted meaningful recommendations in protection and development of fort defensive settlements.The article study is divided into two main aspects of the Laoying bao, respectively the morphological characteristics of the fort settlement and the form of traditional residences recovery. First the author summarized the contents of the Laoying bao, geographic, natural conditions, and population change, social and humanistic environment of content. Then analysis the morphological characteristics of fort residential location, the housing function, form and spatial characteristics, while investigating the shape and style of architecture, planning and other disciplines Fort various public buildings.Finally, a comprehensive analysis of the Laoying bao has summed up. The protection of specific content, methods, measures, and described in detail with examples. And point out the opinion that the relations between the protection and the development.