The Study on Relativity for Male Nurses between the Professional Attitude and Job Satisfaction or Job Burnout
|Keywords||Male nurses Professional attitude Job satisfaction Job burnout Intervening measures|
ObjectiveTo survey the professional attitude of male nurses, analyzes those factors that affected theirprofessional attitude and explored the relativity between male nurses’ professional attitude and jobsatisfaction, job burnout. The study was expected to put forward intervention measurements and providescientific evidence to promote male nurses to develop positive and stable professional attitude, enhancetheir job satisfaction and improve the status of job burnout.MethodsThe quota sampling method was used in this study. During the period October2011throughFebruary2012, we investigate the male nurses with questionnaire, who have worked in clinicaldepartments of17hospitals throughout the country for at least three months. The research included thefollowing:①General Situation Questionnaire;②Nurses’ Professional Attitude Scaling (compiled byProfessor Jiang Anli in the Second Military Medical University);③Nurses’ Job Satisfaction AssessmentScale;④Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI).The thesis employed EpiData3.1software to establish the data bank and used SPSS17.0software to statistically analyze the data, including descriptive analysis, independent samples group t-testand Pearson correlation analysis, in which the level of the test was=0.05and P values were two-tailprobability. The scores on the general situation and professional attitude were analyzed by statisticdescriptions, t-test, variance analysis and Pearson Correlation; the relation between factors affecting male nurse’ professional attitude, job satisfaction and job burnout was statistically analyzed by multiple linearregression.Results1. The overall score of male nurses’ professional attitude was4.84±1.16, which was generally neutral witha positive tendency.In order to explore the influencing factors of male nurses’ professional attitude, we carry outstepwise multiple regression analysis. The result shows that the total score of job satisfaction, the personalaccomplishment, emotional exhaustion and watch-keeping can predict the professional attitude was36.8%（R2=0.368）.The score of the professional attitude of male nurses, who were with individual characteristics,was presented as follows: the score of male nurses with diverse causes of profession and different incomewas statistically significant (P<0.05). Those male nurses who choose this occupation out of interest scorehigher than those for making a living and other reasons (P<0.05). Male nurses whose income was≥3,000yuan score highest in professional attitude.The score on professional attitude of male nurses, whose incomewas2,000~3,000yuan, was lower than those with the income of over≥3,000yuan (P<0.05) but higherthan those whose income was1,000~2,000yuan (P<0.05).2. The status of male nurses’ job satisfactionThe total score of job satisfaction was2.98±0.44, a little lower than the moderate level3. Thescores of each dimension from low to high were relationships with colleagues, being accepted,administration, balance between family and work, workload, individual development, work itself andpayroll&benefits. Among them, such four dimensions as relationships with colleagues, being accepted,administration, balance between family and work score lower than the moderate level. The rest score higher than the moderate level.The score of male nurses with the different length of service of <1year,1~2or3~4yearsstatistically significant was statistically significant and the former’s score was the lowest. The score ofmale nurses, who had different initial academic careers, was also statistically significant on administrationand relationships with colleagues. Those whose highest educational levels were different scoresignificantly on the total score, administration, relationships with colleagues, individual development andwork itself (P<0.05). The score of male nurses, who have different causes of choosing career, on jobsatisfaction, relationships with colleagues, individual development and balance between family and workwas statistically significant (P<0.05).3. The status of male nurses’ job burnoutCompared to the national norm score, the level male nurses’ job burnout from three aspects:emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment（P<0.05）. The score of emotionalexhaustion and depersonalization higher than the emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, but the score ofpersonal accomplishment lower than the national norm score.The score of personal accomplishment of male nurses showed significant differences betweendifferent hospital levels: the score of male nurses in level2hospital was significantly higher than that of inlevel3hospital（P<0.05）. The score of depersonalization of male nurses showed significant differencesbetween different marriage statuses: the score of male nurses married was significantly lower than thosenot married（P<0.05）. The score of depersonalization of male nurses showed significant differencesbetween different initial degrees: the score of male nurses who has junior college degree was significantlylower than those who has undergraduate degree（P<0.05）. The scores of all aspects of job burnout of malenurses showed significant differences between different reasons to choose the nursing occupation（P<0.05）: the score of emotional exhaustion of male nurses who making a living and for other reasons wassignificantly higher than those loving nursing occupation; the score of depersonalization of male nursesshowed significant differences between those loving nursing occupation and making a living, and the scoreof male nurses who make a living was significantly lower than those who love nursing occupation（P<0.05）; the score of personal accomplishment of male nurses showed significant differences betweenmale nurses who love nursing occupation, make a living and other reasons, and the score of male nurseswho make a living and other reasons were significantly lower than those who love nursing occupation（P<0.05）.4. The relativitys between male nurses’ professional attitude and job satisfaction or job burnoutThe result showed that there was significantly positive correlation between professional attitudeand the scores of personal accomplishment, the aggregate score of job satisfaction and factor scores（P<0.01）,but there was significantly negative correlation between professional attitude and the scores ofemotional exhaustion and depersonalization（P<0.01）.ConclusionsThe study found that the overall score of male nurses’ professional attitude was neutral with apositive tendency. Male nurses’ job satisfaction was low and their job burnout was higher than the nationalaverage of all nurses.This prompted the administrators to take such appropriate measures as follows:①Effectively relieve the pressure of nursing work and increase the number of nurses to share their burden. Inaddition, the managers should appropriately raise the wage and treatment of nurses.②Nurture positivecareer identity and advocate the society to more approbate and respect male nurses. At the same time,guide male nurses to form career identity actively and give them full recognition and award for theiraccomplishment.③Pay great attention to male nurses’ career development planning. Male nurses should adequately know their own advantages and disadvantages, understand future directions of developmentand make proper career planning. What’s more, the administrators should offer male nurses more chancesto further study and focus on the training of their research and administrative capabilities.