The Research of Medical Security System for the Minors of China
|Keywords||juveniles medical security|
The minor is the hope of the country, the health care and social security system ofthem are the main component of social security system and relate the social harmony andstability. the medical security system construction began in1949after new China wasfounded, the target is to establish a medical security platform coverd town worker intown, and set up a rural cooperative medical system in rural. At that time, the form of theminors medical security in town is, outpatient service run by the public (state) or Labourprotection (enterprise) to submit an expense account50%. Although at the time, the levelof medical treatment and service level is not high, and the medical expenses level is low,but the coverage which covers almost all urban workers and their children is broad,powerfully guarantees a generation of the minors. At that time, the minor enjoy themedical securitis with their parents or family. The security system had ran for forty yearsand plays an important role in the protection of minors body health and maintain thesocial stability. But, with China’s reform and opening up, the development of marketeconomy, and the reform of the state organs and enterprise and public institution, a largenumber of workers had joined in non-state-owned enterprises and private enterprise team.The old town worker medical system was already difficult to cover the town workerminor children. Meanwhile, in the countryside, most areas of the cooperative medicalsystem was no longer exist with the reform of the system of land contract. Now, somecities have sat up their own minor medical security system, but that is not so ideal due tosome limitations and its security determined by the nature. Rural new rural cooperativemedical system began in2004in some provinces, but not yet on a nationwide basis. Inaddition, the west and the poor areas are without any of the many minor health care. Thatis, the minor medical security system is beside our country at present, and many familiesare unable to bear the huge medical costs and had to give up the treatment of theirchildren who lost their lives and wounded their parents. Only a few children saved theirlife by the society.This paper analyzes the necessity and feasibility of the minors medical securitysystem minors on the basis of analysis of the infant medical security situation. And thispaper also has been set up in juvenile of medical care system two city shenzhen, Shanghai as a "pilot" for research for other cities going to build a minor of medical caresystem in our country and the foundation of China’s medical security system for theminor. This paper proposes some ideas for China’s national conditions of minor medicalsecurity. Specific as follows:Chapter1: the author expounds the minors medical care to the related concepts andtheoretical basis;Chapter2: The author elaborated our country juvenile medical security and thehistorical evolution from problems for further study;Chapter3: The author analysis our country juvenile medical security existing supplyform from the perspective of supply and demand, and China’s demand for juvenilemedical security. We can clearly see that, demand exceeds supply;Chapter4: Analysis the children’s health security system of the developed countriesand developing countries for that it would be useful for the establishment of children’shealth insurance;Chapter5: Analysis of Shenzhen, Shanghai two cities established a minor medicalinsurance system, this as domestic "pilot", for the other city and even the whole countryestablish unified minors make reference medical security system;Chapter6: Through the analysis of the above section, the author proposes suitablefor China’s national conditions of minors is the idea of the medical security system, andputs forward the process of building the attention shall be paid to the problem.