The Acculturation Research of Northeast Manchu Residential
|School||Harbin Institute of Technology|
|Course||Architectural History and Theory|
|Keywords||Northeast Manchu residential Acculturation effect reason|
Local-style dwelling houses reflect the features of natural and climatic environment, economic life and national culture of the area, and the inhabiting culture has been formed on these factors. Therefore, the nations’ inhabiting culture can be kept under the background of the nations’ social culture, changing constantly with the development of the times. Among them, the Northeastern Manchu’s dwelling house frameworks have changed a lot and evolved independently because of the characteristics of national source and multinational merge. Moreover, in the whole development of the local-style dwelling houses, the influence from outside culture is much greater than that of their own culture. The changes to the original culture caused by continuous contact or impact between two or more different cultural systems is called acculturation. The studies of Past Northeastern Manchu local-style dwelling houses are just based on the analyses of the factors of the natural environment and lack the researches on acculturation and the national culture, which will cause limited understanding to Manchu local-style dwelling houses. Regard this as a visual angle, this paper studies and describes the acculturation of Northeastern Manchu local-style dwelling houses.The culture contained take phenomenon start with between two parties from the people, Manchu of Northeastern, at first, expound the fact in Northeastern Manchu courtyard structure of local-style dwelling houses, construct shape and indoor overall arrangement culture that embody at the odd contain the phenomenon of taking deep. Secondly, contain the characteristic angle that takes from culture, has analyzed that contains the relation of the characteristic that takes and local-style dwelling houses gradual progress of Northeastern Manchu, and through constructing the idea, constructing the shape and characteristic structure to explain of Northeastern Manchu local-style dwelling houses. Finally, contain the influence that the function mechanism that takes makes the transition to Northeastern Manchu local-style dwelling houses after describing culture, enable the trends of Northeastern Manchu local-style dwelling houses to appear more clearly. This text combines and surveys and studies actually during the process of expounding the fact, has consulted the visual field of some ethnology and research approach, hope to offer a materials drawn lessons from for research of Northeastern Manchu local-style dwelling houses.