A Discussion on Thetheory of Becoming in Literary Criticism-the Study of Gilles Deleuze’s and Felix Guattari’s Literary Research on Becoming
|School||Central China Normal University|
|Course||Literature and Art|
|Keywords||Gilles Deleuze Felix Guattari Becoming literary criticism|
The concept of becoming was invented by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari,who were controversial and extraordinary philosophers in the history of philosophy in20th century. It was based on the way of thinking which was named "rhizome" that was totally different from the dominated thinking way called "root" long time,and such the concept was of some features:to fracture at any time, to combine randomly,to extend nondirectionally,to combine heterogeneously.Becoming is aways becoming-minor,becoming-molecular and mid-becoming, all these display well the post-modern philosophy of difference of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari,which’s characterized anti-center,anti-system and anti-dualism.The results of art research of them had also bred the both research of philosophy.They thought art as a kind of becoming,and belived that arts and works were results of becoming-woman,becoming-animal,becoming-imperceptible in real life.As far as literature concerned,the lasted charming of works comes from the truely understanding about those things of becoming-imperceptible in a kind of non-hunman becoming. Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari elaborated writers and works with concepts they invented,such as minor-literature,becoming-animal,secret,and then displayed the caring to life coming from literatue. There are so many of complex literary phenomenons in modern society that all kinds of existing criticism theories could not explain them well,so it is very necessary to introduce the thinking way of becoming.Nowadays,literature has developed with a ground of multidisciplinary permeating,and then brought about some nonnormative literary things,which are highly correspond to the character of becoming which has been focusing on those heterogeneous, innovatory things.So it is viable to introduce the thinking of becoming to literature research.