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An Ecocritical Analysis of the Old Man and the Sea

Author ZhangZuoZuo
Tutor HeYingHong
School Foreign Service Institute
Course Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords The Old Man and the Sea ecocritical analysis
CLC I712.074
Type Master's thesis
Year 2012
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Ernest Hemingway, as one of the most important representatives in “the LostGeneration”, showed his outstanding qualities as a writer in a unique way. When hewas still a child, he came into close contact with nature and gradually formed acomplicated attitude towards the physical environment. The novella The Old Man andthe Sea is a perfect embodiment of his thought on this.The Old Man and the Sea, through the meticulous description of Santiago’sfishing process, expresses the contradictory thought of the author on the complicatedrelationship between human beings and nature, thus further motivates people to reflectupon how to get along with nature.The thesis interprets the text of The Old Man and the Sea from three angles ofecocriticism in the following six chapters. The first chapter is an introduction toErnest Hemingway, The Old Man and the Sea, and literature review of the novella athome and abroad. The second chapter reviews the development of ecocriticism aswell as ideas and views of its representative theories. In Chapter Three, Four and Five,a thorough textual analysis is conducted from three angles of ecocriticism—the theoryof deep ecology, ecological aesthetics and ecofeminism. Finally, in Chapter Six, thethesis sums up the three angles of ecocriticism in The Old Man and the Sea, displaysthe contradictory attitudes of Santiago towards nature and further proves that animportant topic is still necessary to be focused on the complex relationship betweenman and nature.

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