Hyponymy and Its Implications in English Writing Skills
|School||Wuhan University of Technology|
|Course||Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||hyponymy English writing discourse cohesion coherence|
Hyponymy, as an important semantic relation, has gone through a long-term development in structural semantics. Compared with other semantic relations such as synonymy and antonymy, hyponymy is propsed later but it is still of great instructural and practical importance in linguistics. The so called hyponymy is actually a sense relation of "inclusiveness". In other words, it is a kind of relation involves class and class members. Hyponymy consists of superordinate and hyponyms, which the "extention" of superordinate includes that of hyponyms and the "intention" of hyponyms is included in that of superordinate. In addition, hyponymy is characterized by the features of relativity and transitivity in different semantic fields and categories. Thus, hyponymy involves a wide range lexical senses in both syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations. In previous studies, hyponymy is widely applied in vocabulary acquisition but others aspects are little involved. However, besides lexical function, hyponymy has rhetorical and discourse functions as well, which has instructional implications to English writing.Discourse, as an important component of English writing, refers to the internal relations and cohesion between sentences so as to form a coherent whole. In discourse, cohesion and coherence play a key role. Cohesion is a semantic concept, while coherence is the semantic correlations. If a discourse consists of unrelated sentences, even though it has a complete structure it can not be called as a discourse. Thus, the key of discourse lies in the cohesion and coherence in "meaning". In English writing, traditional teaching focusing on vocabulary and grammar is far more enough to make writing natural and fluent, which depends more on cohesion and coherence.This thesis makes a new attempt to combine hyponymy with English writing, and explores the hyponymy implications from both lexical and discourse perspectives. It aims at improving students’writing skills by the instructions of hyponymy.