The Studying of Communication of Esperanto in China From1891to1949
|Keywords||Esperanto Intrinsic ideals Liberation Communication|
Initially, Esperanto was learned by the Chinese students who accepting anarchismin Europe for its pursuit in human peace and world harmony. Then, Esperanto wasintroduced into China. At the end of the nineteenth Century, in the turbulent situationand cultural background of China, the intrinsic ideals and a widespread desire for worldpeace, stability and life idea of people have in common, so Esperanto was activelyspread. In1931, after "nine one eight" incident, Esperantists progressives found thatthey can’t resist aggression by holding peace fantasy, only national liberation can helphuman peace. So they put forward "for China’s Liberation to use Esperanto".Esperantists transferred war news in Esperanto for international friends support.During this period, Esperanto as an alien artificial language, in China’s propagationspeed is amazing. Its mode of transmission was not complex and diverse as modernmass media, but the effect is obviously, especially as a language, it is carrier and contentof communication, because its duality, in communication studies, this should be worthanalysis and in-depth analysis.In this paper, using communication, linguistic, cultural communication theory andLiterature analysis approach to analyze and sum up Esperanto communicationenvironment, communicators, content, method, audience feedback from1891to1949inChina. The main content of this paper is divided into six parts: the first part analysis ofEsperanto in the external environment, the external environment of political culture andthe material foundation of society. On the second part I will study Esperanto languagesystem is how to provide intrinsic factor for Esperanto communication. The third partelaborated the anarchists and the Marx doctrine of Esperanto as the world languagecommunicators is how to introduce Esperanto to China and spread it widely, and thenanalyzed the Esperanto in three types: verbal communication, written communication,integrated communication. The fourth part I introduce the history of Esperanto briefly.The fifth part, the audience, audience feedback (effect) were summarized and analyzed.This study aims to explore the language as a communication media and thedissemination of the contents is how to adapt to the needs of the community and useeducation system and the mass media dissemination and communication tocommunicate, and what is the characterize of communication. In China Esperanto willprovide enlightenment and experience for the future of our extension Chinese.