Study of Kapustin’s Polyphonic Suites for Piano
|School||Central Conservatory of Music|
|Keywords||Kapustin 24Preludes and Fugues 7Polyphonic Pieces for the Left Hand Canon Jazz style Fusion|
Nikolai Kapustin, born in1937in Ukraine, graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in1961and was the last pupil of the legendary pedagogy Alexander Goldenweiser. When Kapustin was young, he has interested in jazz and frequently performed with the jazz bands. The combination of his standard classical pianist education and experiences in jazz performances provides him a new perspective for his composition. Kapustin successfully fuses jazz idioms into formal classical structures on the basis of Russian music tradition.This article will explore Kapustin’s two piano polyphony albums, which are Twenty-Four Preludes&Fugues (Op.82) and Seven Polyphonic Pieces for the Left Hand (Op.87).In these two works, Kapustin followed Taneyev and Goldenweiser, inherited the excellent tradition of Russian polyphony, used Fugue and Canon as a medium in a unique way, integrated Jazz into his works, and fused different music characters to create a style of his own.The paper’s introduction includes four parts. The first part is a brief card about the meaning and development of Third Stream, that is to say, the origination of the integration for classical music and jazz. The second one is a brief introduction to Kapustin and his composition. The third one is the main introductions on the basic conditions of the two works’ creation and the signification, methods of this paper. The fourth part briefly introduce the development and character of jazz, and especially focus on the piano jazz style what Kapustin referred to in his creation.The paper’s body part is divides into two chapters.The first chapter analyzes the55compositions of the two albums. The upper part of this chapter explores48compositions from24Preludes and Fugues in sequential order. The bottom part explores7Polyphonic Pieces for the Left Hand one by one, and inserts some necessary support diagrams.The second chapter includes three parts. The first part sums up the creation features of24Preludes and Fugues, and the second part summarizes the creation features for7Polyphonic Pieces for the Left Hand. According to the creation features of the two works, the third part makes further efforts to sum up, especially, the traditions nationality and the integration into jazz in Kapustin’ s works.24Preludes and Fugues was the milestone not only in piano music but also in the creation of preludes and fugues, and7Polyphonic Pieces for the Left Hand was polyphonic pieces with the characteristics of modernity and originality. The paper’s peroration highly sums up the main features of Kapustin’s compositions, has a short discourse of jazz’s influence on China professional music and emphasizes the fusion traits in modern music.