An Analysis of the First Classic Opera Buffa--Pergolesi’s La Serva Padrona
|School||Shanghai Conservatory of Music|
|Keywords||G.B.Pergolesi Opera buffa La serva padrona Querelle des Bouffons|
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi(1710-1736), a talented Italian composer, was a leading figure of the Naples’s opera school in baroque period. Although died young at26, he left behind more than ten Opera buffa and Opera seria as well as many other cantata, oratorio and religious operas. Of them, La serva padrona produced in1733is an early classic of Opera buffa, which made history with its pioneering style of historical importance; Stabat mater which is made up of two female singers, one string orchestras and one organo is a masterpiece handed down from age to age and is still presented at the theatres all over the world. In1752, the public performance of La serva padrona in Paris made a smash hit and triggered off a heated Querelle des Bouffons, which expedited the emergence of different schools of thought and effected significant impact on the development of European opera.Starting from the introduction of the life and works of Pergolesi, the paper makes an objective analysis and appreciation of the plot and music of his Opera buffa La serva padrona in the light of its historical background and social situations as well as the Querelle des Bouffons.