Analysis of the Report of Perinatal Birth Defects Monitoring in Changchun City from 2007 to 2010
|Keywords||Perinatal Birth Defects Monitor|
Birth defects (birth defects) pointed out that the the lifetime human embryo or fetus that occur during the development of the structure or function abnormalities. Population control, and improve the quality of the population is China's basic national policy. Birth defects is one of the important cause of perinatal and infant deaths, it can lead to the occurrence of defects in children chronically ill, or even permanent disability, has seriously affected the quality of the population. Thus, fetal infants and quality is the basis of the quality of the population. Objective: To learn more about birth defects, Changchun City, type and distribution characteristics and its influencing factors, seeking a birth defect level interventions to reduce the area. Methods: quantitative research methods, according to information from Changchun City, October 1, 2006 to 2010 30 53 birth defects surveillance hospitals reported birth defects in children registration card and perinatal quarter statements \descriptive study. Perinatal study hospital delivery all pregnant at least 28 weeks postpartum 7 days. Ratio and constitute a statistical description and analysis of information a number of logical checks using Excel software for data entry, and the use of the SPSS statistical package type of birth defect distribution characteristics. Results: 2007 to 2010, Changchun City, a total of perinatal 219,192 birth defects in 2042 cases, 1860 cases of single defects, accounting for 91.09%, 182 cases of multiple defects, accounting for 8.91%. Four years average incidence of birth defects was 9.32 ‰. In these four years, Changchun City, several major high-issued birth defects type: multi-finger (toe), congenital heart disease, cleft lip, cleft palate, spina bifida, congenital hydrocephalus, and cleft lip. 114,979 men perinatal defects in children of 1130, the incidence of birth defects was 9.83 ‰; female perinatal 104,186, 888 defects in children, birth defects rate of 8.52 per thousand. 111,180 towns perinatal defects in children of 1358, the birth defect rate of 12.21 ‰; and 108,012 villages perinatal, 684 defects in children, the incidence of birth defects was 6.33 ‰. 2042 cases of birth defects, birth defects diagnosed within seven days after giving birth diagnosis mainly accounted for 69.83%, the diagnosis is based on clinical diagnosis, accounting for 69.64%. The defective child survival situation live births, accounting for 67.63%. Maternal age lt; 20 years old, perinatal 4750, 35 defects in children, the birth defect rate was 7.37 ‰; maternal age between 20 to 25 years old, perinatal 72978 583 defects in children, birth defects rate 7.99 ‰. Maternal reproductive defects in children of both age groups more likely to lower maternal age ≥ 35 years of age, perinatal 23,830 253 defects in children born defect rate of 10.62 per thousand, the maternal reproductive defects in children of this age group more likely to be higher. 2042 cases of birth defects, maternal month of pregnancy birth defects occur the difference between the number of cases, a woman in her first pregnancy, the second production occurs when the largest number of cases of birth defects, maternal education level is junior high birth defects in children maximum number of cases, accounting for 41.67%. 2042 of birth defects in children most full-term children of normal weight. With the increase in the number of perinatal fetal, also will increase the incidence of birth defects. Conclusion: The 2007 and 2010 Changchun City, incidence of birth defects is lower than the national average. Four years showed an increasing trend in the incidence of birth defects. Changchun City, several major high incidence of birth defects in the past four years: the multi-finger (toe), congenital heart disease, cleft lip, cleft palate, spina bifida, congenital hydrocephalus and cleft lip. The incidence of birth defects among males than females, higher than in rural towns. Maternal age greater than or equal to 35 years of age, a higher incidence of birth defects, maternal age less than 25 years of age, a lower incidence of birth defects. With the increase in the number of perinatal fetal, also will increase the incidence of birth defects.