An analysis of the phenomenon of ancient Xinjiang
|School||Central University for Nationalities|
|Course||Archaeology and Museology|
|Keywords||Xinjiang Archaeology Cremation DifferenceCulture relations|
Cremation is very popular for the tombs between Bronze Age to Iron Age in Xinjiang. This paper explores the distribution, types, manners of these cremation tombs and their relations with nearby cultures with cremation.Firstly, it provides the definition of cremation tombs and on the basis on the collection of related materials, it analyzes the distribution, types and various manners. Cremation tombs in Xinjiang can be sorted into three kinds:cremation tomb with a stone lid, cremation tomb with a mud lid and cremation tomb with no lid. The ages of the cremation tombs are classified into three stages:The first stage is between1000BC to500BC, the main type is cremation tomb with a stone lid, represented by the graveyard in Xiabandi in Kashgar and the tumulus in Pamirs. The second stage is between800BC to200BC, the main type is cremation tomb with a mud lid, represented by the Qunbake graveyard in LunTai and the tumulus in ShangHu Rural of Koral. The third stage is between300BC to200AD, the main type is cremation tomb without lid, represented by the Jiawaairike graveyard in QieMo and the No.1tumulus in the old city of JiaoHe and the NO.95MN1tumulus of NiYa.Secondly, the types are discussed in the paper:one is cremating corpus directly in the tomb and the other is bury the bone ash after cremation.The types are decided by social status of the dead people or the cause of death. Moreover, the coexistence of cremation and inhumation in the area and even in a cremation tomb also is studied in the paper.The last part compares the cremation in different cultures and explores the interactions between them.