The Discussion and Analysis on the Urban Social Relief in Hebei Province from1956to1966
|Course||Modern Chinese History|
|Keywords||Hebei province urban relief the vulnerable groups|
In1956, China had completed the socialist transformation, and began thesocialist planned economy, which was as the main body of the large-scale economicconstruction, adapt to this, the social relief system was basically formed. In the periodof1956-1966, the characteristic of the urban social relief was as followed: emphasizethe relief policies of combining the unit relief with the state relief, units borne therelief works of their own difficult workers, the countries were mainly responsible forthe relief work of that persons called three non-personnel outside the unit relief. Thispaper aims to research the state policy﹑practices﹑effectiveness and the shortagesabout succoring the urban three non-personnel from1956to1966, and in order toprovide some useful reference for today’s social relief.Besides the preamble and conclusion, there are four parts in the article.In the preamble, the author mainly explains the significance of the topic,introduces the research methods, combs and reviews the academic history of this topic,meanwhile defines the related concepts(social relief,social welfare and so on).In the first part, introduces the relief for the childless elderly people. The articlereviews the state and Hebei province relief policies for the childless elderly people,and takes the nursing home in Qiaodong district in Zhangjiakou for example,examines the relief practices for the childless elderly people, summarizes theeffectiveness and the shortage of the relief policy for the childless elderly people atthat time.In the second part, introduces the relief for the disabled. The article reviews thestate and Hebei province relief policies for the disabled, and takes the blind, deafwork in Zhangjiakou and Qinhuangdao for example, examines the relief practices forthe disabled, meanwhile thinks about the employment problems of the today’sdisabled.In the third part, introduces the relief for the children. The article reviews thestate and Hebei province relief policies for the children, and takes Children’s aidorganization in Tianjin and Baoding for example, examines the relief practices for the children, meanwhile summarizes the shortages of the children relief, and revelation ofcarrying out the today’s children relief works.In the fourth part, introduces the relief for the urban poor people. The articlereviews the state and Hebei province relief policies for the poor people, and takesTangshan and Tianjin for example, examines the relief practices for the poor people,meanwhile think about the revelation of the today’s social relief especially of theurban subsistence allowances.This article thinks that the urban social relief work in Hebei province is veryeffective, basically solves the survival problems of the vulnerable groups, itssuccessful experiences have the important reference meanings for today’s buildingand perfecting modern Chinese social relief system.