Zhu Xi’s "Neutral" Theory and the of Being an Inner Sage on Neo-confucionism
|School||Hunan Normal University|
|Keywords||the doctrine of benevolence neutralization philosophy of meditation achieve moderate Inner Sage|
As an Neo-confucianism synthesizer, Zhu xi has a great system of philosophical thought. It includes li qi, neutralization, temperament and so on, also covers ontology, theory of temperament and theory of study the nature of things. It has a prudent method and is so thought-provoking. however the article will start at the beginning of such as the mind and the nature which are important philosophical scope in china philosophy. It will give an explaination in detail which aims at Zhu xi’s "neutral" theory and being related with the problem of becoming a sage.In china philosophy, the words about the mind and the nature which are cared by the philosophiers can be found in pre-qin. But the most important and significant school is The Confucian one which is established by Confucius. However the philosophy of meditation is neglected, the reason can be learned from such words:"one can not get to hear the Master’s thoughts on human nature and the Way of Heaven" and "seldom said life". But the doctrine of benevolence what Confucius sticks to is to change the external form in the core of benevolence, rite, music into Internalization. It also called Turnning that moral principle others as the moral self-discipline. It somehow means of Confucius benevolence to happy thoughts source of sexuality preference. The successor named Menci develops Confucius’s thought and further it, And then with the intellectual know day out by the intrinsic to the transcendence of sexual eventually to moral way.Confucian classics literature in the middle of which is about "stiring" and "no stiring", there has a clear thought interpretation, but there has nothing to do with doing self-restraint. And in the song dynasty, this problem was furthered into the way to specifically practice the problem of "stiring" and "no stiring", and also become the important Neo-confucianism’s subject, especially one of the most striking is based on two Cheng, as a representative of the neo-confucianism. And the two men’s successor called Zhu xi’s has gone through the awareness of the two periods of bingxu and jichou. The two kinds of "neutralization" show Zhu xi changes school of the way south into the psychological experience mode and experience in philosophy has not exactly what is named "stiring""no stiring", and the resulting theory system of mind temperament. So To clarify the relationship of them is the very important to study Zhu xi’s philosophical thought. Meanwhile Zhu xi also establishes in the characteristics of road of the moral cultivation and feature of rational new-confucianism ideas which are to internal and external mind from two dimensions for holy into a Yin the possible lay a foundation.About the problem of holy will inevitably to holy may explain the reason, that goodness can be verified ontological assumptions that the possibility of holy problems can also solve the problems for, and about the problem this previous mostly just as the heart and even into the mystical experience; Yet since at the beginning of Zhu zi, not only theoretically illustrated but also gives the operation, thus make the nature of that come into the truth.