Study on Political Thoughts of 《The Comprehensive Discussions in the White Tiger Hall》
|Keywords||The East Han Dynasty 《The Comprehensive Discussions in the White Tiger Hall》 Politics Three cardinal guides and Six Relations|
The meeting which held in the White Tiger Hall in Zhang emperor Period of The East Han Dynasty was a critical political meeting. As the most important result of the meeting,《The Comprehensive Discussions in the White Tiger Hall》which contains a wealth of political thoughts have a great impact on Chinese traditional society.Its cosmology which according to the theory of yin-yang and five elements(metal, wood, water, fire and earth) accents the cosmos to be a holistic connected ordered existence. Its Moral Essays emphasizes the widespread existence of the morals which highlight the Five Natures as the gifts of mankind. Its common-sense view of history holds the period of the Three August Ones as an ideal political status. All of these lay a solid foundation for its political thought.The subject of its Political thoughts is the order of Mortal World which focus on retrenchment and construction of the social organization. On one hand, it investigates the order of Local society. "Three cardinal guides" is the pivotal point. "Six Relations" complements the order which "Three cardinal guides" formulated.The order which takes morals as foundation emphasizes the ability of self-controlling which can manage the society with great ease. On the other hand, government also plays a important role in the maintenance of the social order. The principle of government constitution which emphasizes the public official should be the Role Models is that only a moral being can obtain a position of the government. Government functions which focus on providing foods and civilizing masses are very simple. All of these principles show a great respect to individual.In Local society of China the tradition that only morals can establish authorities lasted thousands of years maintains the stability of the society. Today political thoughts of《The Comprehensive Discussions in the White Tiger Hall》still have great apocalypse functions.