The Study of Balfour Declaration
|Keywords||Balfour Declaration Britain Middle East Zionism Weizmann|
British government published the Balfour Declaration in1917to support the Jewish national home in Palestine. The background is very complicated, Balfour Declaration is the product of common interests of British government and the Zionists. In this paper, I will analyze the background of the declaration from Britain and the Jews. Britain was the direct initiator of the Declaration, and adhered to its consistent Middle East policy; Britain implemented a series of Middle East policy, but did not reach the target, so Britain started planning to issue the Balfour Declaration to seize control of Palestine. Meanwhile, the role of the Jews should not be overlooked, they made a great contribution to the declaration. After a fierce internal struggle, the Jews decided to try to contribute to the publication of the declaration. They carried out a series of fruitful diplomatic work, and received approval and support from many political leaders, especially they got endorsement of Britain, successfully made the final declaration released.Balfour Declaration is a landmark event in the history of Jewish nation and the state of Israel, it is a beginning of British possession of Palestine, it is a significant achievement of the Jews. Balfour Declaration had a significant impact on Jewish nation and Middle East. The declaration caused the third Aliyah and led to the rapid growth of Jewish immigrants in Palestine and development of local Jewish community. The declaration is the basis of British mandate at the San Remo conference. Britain occupied Palestine and established a mandate system. Balfour Declaration damaged the interests of the Arabs, exacerbated the conflict between the Jews and the Arabs.