China’s Multilateral Diplomacy after Its Reform and Opening Up Policy
|Keywords||Multilateral diplomacy Reform and opening up Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)|
According to the domestic and the international situation’s change, the mainpoint of China’s diplomatic also adjust timely after the reform and opening up. Atpresent, the framework of China’s "comprehensive" diplomacy has formed, amongthem the most crucial content is the development of multilateral diplomacy. Thecontent of China’s multilateral foreign activities will increased more rich and the formmore diverse, the affect more wide. China participated and created the ShanghaiCooperation Organization independently. At present, this organization has break thesingle cooperation in the security problem, and started its cooperation mechanism ineconomic and trade cooperation、cultural exchanges and complementary energy, afterthe organization’s internal development. Shanghai Cooperation Organization willprovide better reference for China to participate in international multilateral practice.The analysis mainly used the Interdependence theory, Cooperation theory andthe International Regime Theory. Points out that after the reform and opening up,China’s foreign policy has changed by the increasingly close relationship betweenChina and the world. Because of the inevitable contact and cooperation, and as amember of the Developing countries, China called for the international society toestablish and promote a new reasonable order which is beneficial to the Developingcountries. Base on the case analysis method, this article combining theory withpractice, inspired to Chinese future multilateral diplomacy by the analysis of theShanghai cooperation organization’s multilateral cooperation mechanism.The text put the to the multilateral diplomacy’s basic theory as the breakthroughpoint, discusses after the reform and opening up, China take the multilateraldiplomacy by environment at home and abroad, summarizes the emphasis conditionof Chinese multilateral diplomacy in different stage and the contents of the Chinesemultilateral diplomacy after the reform and opening up; Focusing on introduce theShanghai Cooperation Organization’s multilateral cooperation mechanism in thedevelopment of safety, economy, culture and energy. Discuss the positive effect whichchina played in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and as a multilateralorganization the Shanghai Cooperation Organization played an exemplary role inChinese multilateral diplomacy. The continual improve Cooperation System in Shanghai CooperationOrganization’s cooperation in different areas give China more innovation anddevelopment experiences in multilateral diplomacy. With the international situationcomplex changes, the international system is facing with major change, appears allsorts of the international problems, which pressing for China to safeguard China’snational interests under the principle of independence and non-aligned. China shouldgrasp the international and domestic development trends, and constantly improve thelevel of multilateral diplomacy job, set up a responsible power image.