Analysis of America’s East Asia Policy in Obama’s Second Term
|Keywords||United States and East Asia returning to Asia Asia-Pacificrebalancing new power relations|
United States high-profile return to Asia, carry out the strategy ofAsia-Pacific rebalancing, create the21st century new Asia-Pacificstrategy of the" American Pacific Century ",which will have far-reachingimpact on the strategic transformation and orderly transformation of theEast Asian countries and regions. In Obama’s first term, United Statespursued Asia-Pacific rebalancing policy which contains high-profilereturn, getting actively involved in, and military priority. trying to expandU.S. participation in regional affairs,to revive the US economy makinguse of east Asian economic development. However, the behavior of theUnited States is just the opposite, actually exacerbated tensions, andsharpened the contradictions inherent to provoke a strategic competition,undermine the economic order. Therefore, the United States insight thatthe strategy "more harm than good", even "there is no need", requiringthe Obama administration to re-adjust the Asia-Pacific strategy, to re-balance the "rebalancing".Obama’s second term officially began in2013, which a mark that the“Asia-Pacific rebalancing "strategy enters the second stage. From thecurrent trends, maintaining strategic framework, appropriate adjusting thepolicy, and carrying the overall balance has become increasingly evident.Although so far there is no specific policies and documents, in June2012the rebalancing strategy to redefine,the debate in the U.S. presidentialelection in October2012, the visit after Obama won a general election inNovember2012, as well as the strategic review of the agency authority atthe end of2012, early2013senior U.S. efforts to explain rebalancingstrategy, in fact are all more or less as setting the tone and pointing outthe direction for the re-adjustment of the strategy. Overall, Asianrebalancing policy will be maintained at the current efforts, or evenslightly enhanced. A basic judgment, therefore, is: although the UnitedStates has limitations in the return to the Asia-Pacific policy, but as theworld’s leading powers, the United States’ influence on Asia-Pacific’spolitics and military should not be underestimated. Although the U.S. Asia-Pacific strategy has been questioned, criticized, and even opposition,the United States is not a short-term behavior to the attention of the AsiaPacific, America will gradually enhance strategic readjustment in theregion. Although the U.S. policy of "return to Asia" has been criticized,but the capacity and actions of the United States, which is sufficient tochange the expectations of a number of Asian countries to the UnitedStates; although some people think that this strategy will become thelargest "unfinished project" in the United States, the United Statesdetermination and ability that continues to implement the strategy of“Asia-Pacific rebalancing "can not be underestimated.In addition to the introduction, this paper will be divided into fourparts. The specific content as follows:First, the United States’ East Asian policy-making: the premise andfoundation.The research was based largely on "United States","East Asia" for thefundamental role of making East Asian policy of the U.S."The problem"is "internal cause" of making America’s east Asia policy, is the foundation. The key to the question is American hegemony and hegemonicdomination. The essence of United States in East Asia and theAsia-Pacific is with the growth in East Asia, to enhance their ownstrength, to safeguard their long-term national interests, and to respondeffectively to the rise of great powers."East Asia" is the "external factors"of U.S. policy in East Asia, is a prerequisite. The inherent contradictionsof the East Asian countries and regions, provided an opportunity for theintervention of the United States. For America,"factor in east Asia" is theprecondition of the policy; For east Asia,"the American factor" is the keyto the areas affected relationship between variables. So, the problem of"east Asia" is a surface layer of reasons, the problems of its own, theAmerican national interest is the unchanged base of east Asia policy.The second chapter, the Obama administration’s east Asia policy:return and rebalancing.The research was based largely on strategy of returning to Asiaunder Obama regime and the new strategy to build the U.S. PacificCentury. Return to Asia is the first step, aimed at adjusting the strategic center of gravity, enhancing the strategic position in Asia."Asia-pacificrebalancing" is the United States to further improve the strategicadjustment and, on this basis, to maintain shape American hegemony inthe21st century, a century of American power. This paper argues thatObama’s policy in East Asia itself has a strategic and long-term color. Asthe world’s number one power, America’s political and military influenceon Asia-pacific cannot be underestimated, and America’s determinationand power to implement the strategy of "Asia Pacific rebalancing" cannotbe underestimated.Chapter III, Obama’s East Asia policy in the second term: adjustmentand transformation.Mainly study the reason, direction and substance of United StatesAsia-Pacific rebalancing strategy adjustment under Obama’s new term ofOffice. The poor effect of the strategy is the basic motivation of theadjustment; in global strategy,the balance of target, means, direction andpolicy on Asia-Pacific balance strategy is the direction of balance; Thestrategy for amendment, and fine-tuning, as "signs sexual policy" or "heritage" of Obama regime and be retained and maintained, and be madeof long-term of policy, is the meaning of balance.The fourth chapter, the effect and rely for United States "regionalbalance" strategy adjustmentMajor research the United States’ long-term, future goals anddirections of the policy in East Asia, study the United States’ policy onEast Asian regional order in East Asia and long-term effects of regionalpatterns. On this basis, study the short-term and long-term impact toChina of United States policies in East Asia,discuss China how torecognize United States strategic vision, perspective the substance ofUnited States strategic, respond effectively to United States strategicattempt to safeguard China’s own national interests.In short, the balance of the United States’ Asia-Pacific rebalancingstrategy will be a long-term and iconic policy of Obama’s term of Office.The United States, concerns and participation in the Asia-Pacific will notdecrease but increase, and adjustments will become an important agendaof the Asia-Pacific strategy. On the whole,the "rebalancing" of Obama’s second term "Asia-Pacific rebalancing" strategic is a complex,system,integrated project for the United States under global strategic layoutadjustment, involving areas,field, destination,means, direction, andstrategy.The effort of rebalancing will have important implications for theAsia-Pacific, and will also hit the relations of China and the US.Searching for the framework of China and the US and injecting newconnotation for the "new relations" of China and the US, becomes animportant issue.