Study on the Executive Ability of Technological Innovation Policy in Local Government
|School||Xi'an University of Engineering|
|Course||Management Science and Engineering|
|Keywords||Technological Innovation Policy Execution Structural Equation Model Evaluation|
In the90s of last century, our country implemented the technological innovationproject, then, a series of policies has been issued. These policies have been consummatedday by day and formed into a policy system along with the time advancement and thepractice examination. How to ensure the validity of Technological innovation policy, andmake sure it will play a lead role on innovation activities, requests a higher executiveability in all levels of Local authority. The executive ability has become the mostimportant prerequisite and the fundamental guarantee for the implementation of the policy.This paper analyzes the elements of the excutive ability of technological innovation policy;establish its structural model, so as to explore the intrinsic link among the various elements.Meanwhile, a direct evaluation model and a indirect evaluation model are established toevaluate the effect of technological innovation policy in Shaanxi province, so as to reflectthe executive ability of the lacal government.Firstly, construct a theoretical model of excutive ability. Explore the elements ofexcutive ability of technological innovation policy through literature review, fieldinterview etc, and divided it into three dimensions, namely capacity dimension,institutional dimension and cultural dimension. Among them, the capacity dimension isformed with subjects, plans, tools and resources; the institutional dimension is formed withintegration mechanism of interests, monitoring mechanism, evaluation and incentivemechanism; and the cultural dimension is formed with the state of mind, consciousnessand style of work. Each dimension has a good reliability and validity through EFA andCFA. The data also fits well with model.Secondly, explore the relationship between the effect of policy and the elements ofexecutive ability by constructing SEM. Based on the analysis of elements, get related datathrough the questionnaire survey; establish the SEM of technological innovation policy byusing software AMOS7.0, then analysis the relationship between the factors and the effectof the implementation through path analysis. Empirical study has shown that the threedimensions all have direct positive influence on the effect of policy implementation.Among which, capacity dimension has the largest coefficient of0.53, institutionaldimension has the coefficient of0.34, and cultural dimension has the path coefficient of0.28. The path coefficients are all significant at the0.05level by the T test. These allvalidate the initial assumptions.Thirdly, establish the subjective evaluation model of the executive ability oftechnological innovation policy based on the theoretical analysis and empirical research.The model is a complete three-hierarchy evaluation index system, including4first levelindexes,7second level indexes and20third level indexes. Determine the index weight by using AHP; quantify the qualitative indexes by using the fuzzy mathematics method, thenevaluate the executive ability of Technological Innovation Policy.Fourth, establish the evaluation model on the effect of Technological InnovationPolicy. Abandon some social indicators and economic development indicators which donot have policy implications by analyzing previous researches. Then establish theevaluation index system by slecting28indicators which are closely related totechnological innovation policy, and determine the weight of each index through thecombination weighting method. Empirical study shows that the effect of theimplementation of technological innovation policy in Shaanxi Province is obvious in2010,ranking fifth. The result shows that the overall effect of the implementation of innovationpolicy in Shaanxi province is obvious, the input of innovation is large and the output ofscience and technology is significant, however, the platform for innovation in Shaanxidoesn’t play an obvious role, also, the innovation doesn’t play a prominent role inpromoting economy. Hence the government should focus on strengthening theenforcement of policies in these two areas the next step.