The Case Study of the Rural Public Product Supply in Chengdu
|University of Electronic Science and Technology
|Cheng Du Rural Public Goods Demand-supply mechanism Utilize
In the new century,with the advancement of the urban and rural areas,effectivesolving of the "three rural" issue has become China’s, as well as Chengdu’s importanthistoric task. As far as in2006,"CPC Central Committee and State Council promotedthe socialist new countryside construction of a number of opinions" on agriculture andrural work in modern construction to a more prominent position. As an important factorin rural area, agricultural development and income of the farmers, the supply of publicgoods in rural areas are no doubt very important in urban and rural areas to plan andbuild a new socialist countryside in the new period. In this paper, the author combinednormative analysis with empirical analysis, from field surveys of rural areas, to identifythe existing problems in the demand and supply of public goods and in use of publicgoods in rural areas of Cheng Du. Namely: the number of the overall shortage of supply,and accompanying of structural imbalances；layout of the lack of legitimacy；supply ofpoor quality； reconstruction of light pipes, the lack of post-maintenance；part of thepublic goods idling serious waste of resources. As the main internal reasons to analysizethe above problems and the urban-rural dual structure, while from the governmentdecision-making mechanism, farmers need to express mechanism for the operation ofrural public goods mechanism， monitoring mechanism on the cause analysis. Learningfrom some foreign countries such as India， Thailand, South Korea and other countriesexperience in the supply of public goods in rural areas, we can draw the followingconclusions: we need to reform the investment system and improve the transferpayment system in order to increase capital investment in rural public goods；Reforming"top-down" decision-making mechanism, the farmers need to create a channel ofexpression, and realistic reflection of the farmers needs；we need to reform the ruralmanagement system to compress the township agencies,conservation funds；Optimaldistribution of the different attributes of public goods to maximize utility； theestablishment of an integrated supply system in urban and rural areas to ensureequitable supply of urban and rural public goods；the establishment of monitoring mechanisms of public goods in rural areas to avoid idle or waste of public resources.