Dissertation > Language, writing > FOREIGN > English > Writing,rhetoric

A Comparative Study on Lexical Chunks in English Abstracts of Chinese & American M.A. Language Teaching Thesis

Author DongWei
Tutor HuYingHui
School Shandong Normal University
Course Curriculum and Pedagogy
Keywords Summary writing Chunk English Writing
CLC H315
Type Master's thesis
Year 2011
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This paper aims to identify the different word blocks used in the summary of the master's thesis of the Sino-US language teaching English, and provide recommendations for teaching. Word block is composed of multi-word can be used independently to form sentences or words, can achieve some grammar, discourse or language function smallest combination of form and meaning (Ma Guanghui, 2011). Rhetoric block integrated \Given a lot of advantages of the the chunk theory in language learning, since the 1990s, scholars began to focus on the use of the theoretical guidance of English listening, speaking, reading, writing and teaching, but few people try to abstract it and a master's degree The combination of comparative analysis. This study attempts to fill this gap to guide domestic dissertation abstract writing. First, the authors from PQDD (ProQuest Digital Dissertation) and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) Thesis database each retrieved 30 English abstracts, and is divided into A, B groups. Then to the J. Nattinger J. Decarrico word block theory framework using SPSS software to analyze the use quantity and frequency of the word in the English summary of the Sino-US language teaching class master's thesis blocks, and further analysis of the differences, explore chunk The relationship between abstract writing. Finally, it summarizes the results of the study of Chinese graduate students in English Abstract Writing revelation. The study results show that: (1) China-US Thesis Abstract word block use the existence of differences, and these differences are not only present in the proportion of each chunk aspects, and exists in their frequency of use. (2) American native speakers used in the summary statement of research closely related to the research topic sentences set of word formation block purpose expression studies content; Chinese English learners tend to use phrases Architecture chunks. Thus, on the one hand, the Chinese graduate students often chunks with the common phrase structure, composed of grammatical sentences; U.S. graduate more use of the sentence set of word formation block research purposes, the course of the study, the findings presented directly content, summary seems reasonable structure, concise and coherent, reflecting its use of language fluency. On the other hand, the Chinese graduate students in the writing of the summary, like add background knowledge to help readers better understand the importance and necessity of the papers.

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