On the Protection of Criminal Victim’s Rights
|School||Dalian Maritime University|
|Keywords||Criminal victims Rights Protection|
At present, the criminal litigation in our country is to track crime standard in the long term, pay attention to maintain the social public interests and realize the nation’s penalty power while making laws. However, it ignores the legitimate rights protection of the criminal suspects, the defendants and the victims. With awakening of citizens’subject consciousness, the human rights of the criminal suspects and the defendants in our country get unprecedented improvement. However, the rights of victims under crime violations have not caused social enough attention. This social group of "criminal judicial forgotten man" is constantly growing while the judicial system of our country appears the trend of the imbalance.With the constant growing of the international victim rights protection, our procedure laws also pay more attention to the victim rights. However, the guarantee work about the victim rights in China still exist some negligence and vulnerabilities compared with the theory and practice of the international victim rights. Therefore, to perfect the rights guarantee system of criminal victims and unblock the right relief way of them become the urgent matter.This paper mainly analyzes the present situation and system defects of criminal victim rights security in our country’s present stage and puts forward the specific ideas to perfect the victim protection system in order to push for little work of the criminal victim rights protection. In the research methods, this paper adopts the research methods of literature study, comparative analysis, case analysis, historical analysis and so on. What’s more, it adopts the authoritative statistical data and reform experience of the judicial authority to strengthen the effects of argument.Combining the present judicial situations in China, the innovations of this paper is to expand the scope of private prosecutions and set up the criminal reconciliation system, criminal murdered protection system and so on in order to bring into the victim rights security system and make great efforts to realize the overall security of the criminal victims’entity and program rights. First, it is to perfect the criminal victims’lawsuit to participate. Second, it is to make up the physical and spiritual loss that the victims have suffered to the largest extent so as to strengthen the security of substantive rights by perfecting criminal attached civil litigation system, expanding the scope of cases, building up criminal reconciliation system, criminal victims compensation system and criminal victims insurance system.