A Study on the Lexicalization of Negative Structure
|School||Anhui Normal University|
|Course||Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||negative structure lexicalization characteristic cause and mechanism influencing factor|
As an important phenomenon of linguistic change, lexicalization has become a focus in the linguistic community in recent years. As for lexicalization, this thesis adopts a broad definition, put forward by Dong Xiufang from diachronic perspective,which means a process of turning non-word units into words. The lexicalization of syntactic structure is an important way of lexicalization; therefore, the negative structure was taken as the object of study. The so-called negative structure,such as“buguo, bieguan, feichang, wufang, weimian”in Chinese respective and predicate components,refers to the structure combined by negative adverbs, e.g.“bu, bie, fei, wu, wei”in Chinese respective and predicate components. There is a considerable number of such kind of structure. Its grammatical function declined and internal components bonded and evolved into words in the long process of language development.The lexicalization of negative structure was intensively studied, through the way from the outside to the inside and from phenomena to essence, and combining diachronic description and synchronic comparison, as well as combining phenomenal description and theoretical analysis. First of all, the author classified the lexicalization of negative structure, represented by“bu, bie, fei, wu, wei”in Chinese respectively, through an exhaustive search on these forming words according to various authoritative books. Then, the author selected some representative words from each category, made an actual and detailed description of these language facts through a large number of corpus examples and made a diachronic description and a synchronic comparison on the specific process of lexicalization, in order to get a detailed interpretation of the lexicalization of negative structure in a microscopic sense. At last, based on those descriptions, the author made a further analysis and exploration on the linguistic phenomenon, including summarizing the characteristics and laws of the lexicalization of negative structure and analyzing its cause, mechanism and influencing factors by grammar, speech, cognitive and pragmatic theory, in order to get a deep and systematic understanding of the lexicalization of negative structure in a macroscopic senseThe author find that as the result of interaction of many factors, the cause of language changes occurring in the diachronic field is complex. It is the very kind of interaction that triggers a serious of chain reactions and causes adjustments and changes within the language system and formation of new linguistic phenomenon over time.