A Study on the Lexicalization of the "X Ran" (X然) Conjunctions
|School||Anhui Normal University|
|Course||Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||lexicalization grammaticalization “X ran” conjunction diachronic|
There are some conjunctions with a suffix“ran”(然) in modern Chinese. We often refer to this form as the“X ran”conjunction. Are there any relations between the common characteristics of these words and the diachronic development? The problem will be solved in this thesis by studying the lexicalization process of these words from diachronical perspective, describing the evolution of them in detailed and analyzing the evolution mechanism. The whole thesis will be divided into three parts:The first part,“Introduction”, presents some related theories, such as grammaticalization and lexicalization, the production and development process of conjunction as well as an overview of previous scholars’grammatical research about“ran”. This section mainly provides theoretical foundation for the analysis of next parts.The second part is the main content of this thesis, including the second, third, and fourth, fifth chapters. According to the different evolutionary processes of the“X ran”conjunction, it is classified into three categories, which will be displayed in the second, third, and fourth chapters. Meanwhile,“suiran”,“chengran”,“zongran”will be chosen from these three categories respectively as examples in order to inspect their diachronic evolutionary process in detailed .In chapter Five, the investigation of a three-syllable word“zaiburan”in the“X ran”conjunction will be conducted. Based on this, the author will analyze its lexicalization process. It is believed that the“X ran”conjunction has three different evolutionary ways. The first kind is from the aspect of syntactic structure, such as“suiran”,“guran”,“buran”; The second is from the mixture of the single syllable adverbs and deixis“ran”, such as“chengran”,“guoran”and“ziran”; And the third way is from adding an affix“ran”after a conjunction, such as“jiran”,“zongran”. In addition, the author will also analyze“zaiburan”, which is not included in Modern Chinese dictionary, discussing its belonging. The third part based on the diachronic investigation of the evolutionary process of the "X ran" conjunction in previous chapters, the author analyzes the motivation and the mechanism of the lexicalization of the "X ran" class conjunction under the umbrella of cognitive linguistics, semantics, pragmatics and lexicalization theory.