Dissertation
Dissertation > Language, writing > Chinese > Grammar > Modern,modern syntax

The Historical Development of Format "X Bude"

Author ChenBaoZhu
Tutor FuHuiJun
School Zhejiang Normal University
Course Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords " X Bude " Lexicalization Analogy Mechanism Tone
CLC H146
Type Master's thesis
Year 2011
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This article examines the evolution process of format "X Bude" from diachronic perspective, explores the forming process of "X Bude" in process of the dynamic development, and combines the synchronic study to analyze the characteristics of "X Bude" format.This article mainly examines the format of "X Bude" form three aspects:In the first chapter, we describe the diachronic development of "X Bude". Tracing the history of "X Bude", "X Bude" was produced in Tang and Five dynasties period, from the free state to the combination as a whole. "X" and "Bude" directly links in this period, "X" is a verb. By our investigation, "V Bude" was basically molded in early Tang. "X Bude" changed and developed significantly in Song and Yuan dynasties,"X" ingredients to verb primarily. In Song and Yuan dynasties, "V Bude 0" gradually replaced "VO Bude" form to became main expression way, "V Bude 0" relative to "VO Bude" had overwhelmingly advantage."V Bude" solidified into words. In addition, "X" did not just limite to verbs, "X" can be adjectives. Since Song, "X Bude" continues to boom in Ming and Qing dynasties, and emerges and derives a new meaning. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the usage of "V Bude " as a word was more than the Song and Yuan dynasties, and was very flexible. The modern Chinese, "X Bude" continue to develop on the basis of modern Chinese, In modern Chinese, "adjective+Bude" increased. A lot of adjectives can get into the format "X Bude" by analogy Mechanism. Those adjectives that could enter the " X Bude " are emotional adjectives.In the second chapter, we analyze the reason why. "X Bude" took its form and developed. The form of "X Bude" benefited from lexicalization of "V Bude". Besides, neighboring principles and analogy mechanism prompted "X Bude"’s formation and development. "V Bude O" replaced "VO Bude", made "V" and "Bude" closely neighboring, promoted "X Bude" format formation. Analogy mechanism push "X Bude" format to develop quickly, there appear a large number of "adjective+Bude". In addition, the usage of frequency, style and rhythm also aeffect the formating and development of "X Bude" greatly.In the third chapter, we compare "X Bude" with relevant format. Compare the similarities and differences of "Buneng X","Bude X" and "X Bude", contrast three formats from forming time, "X"’s composition, grammatical function, meaning, pragmatic, analyze their similarities and differences.The analysis of the strength of their tone, "X Bude","Buneng X ", "Bude X" can express the meaning of "can’t", but "Bude X" is used to command others, "X Bude" focuses on expressing "suggestions, discouraging". "Buneng X" expresses "can’t" in sense. "Bude X"express enforceability, it’s tone resolutely, "X Bude" and "Buneng X" expresses suggestions and discouraging, their tone relatively ease without mandatory. The tone of "Bude X" is stronger than " X Bude" and "Buneng X".

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