Study on Adaptation to Workplace of Higher Vocational Graduates
|School||Taiyuan University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Management Science and Engineering|
|Keywords||higher vocational school graduates adaptation to workplace socialization of organizations self-efficacy|
With the expansion of higher vocational schools, the number of graduatesfrom these schools has increased dramatically. They are the emerging workforcein enterprises and significant resources for the sustainable development of thebusinesses. In the business setting where the workforce is diminishing, newlyemployed graduates from higher vocational schools have problems fitting in. Itusually takes time for them to perform their roles properly. Some other problemsare low efficiency and tendencies to resign. The very early period of thegraduates’ employment is a crucial phase in their career and an essential processin terms of the management of human resources. Therefore, getting thegraduates to adapt to the business setting is significant for both the employersand the employees.The parts of the essays are listed below.Firstly, the explanation of the adaptation to the working environment, thesocialization of the organizations, the self-efficacy and some other theories arepresented. The emphasis is laid on the relevant theories about adaptation tobusiness settings, since that is the foundation of subsequent researches. Secondly,the establishment of concept models of the adaptation based on its specificaspects and impacts is introduced. Then questionnaires are designed inaccordance with the model to analyze the situation of how newly employedgraduates make adaptations to the workplace. The specific aspects of theadaptation include the interpretation of tasks, the analysis of roles, interpersonalrelationships and cultural adaptation while the impacts include self-efficacy,initiatives of new employees and the socialization of organizations. The datafrom the questionnaires are dealt with by a statistics analysis software calledSPSS18.0. The techniques of dealing with the statistics include the analysis ofcredibility, descriptive statistics, One-way analysis of variance, correlationanalysis, regression analysis and etc. The following conclusions are drawn inaccordance with the analysis:(1). Generally，higher vocational graduates don’tadapt well to workplace. The degree of adaptation can be rated as “mediate”.(2). The success of adaptation doesn’t vary much with gender and length of time atwork. However, it does vary greatly with the nature of the work, the relevance ofthe work and the major of the graduate, the nature of the enterprise and the sizeof the enterprise.(3). There are positive correlations between the threedimensions of active socializations of organizations and the four of adaptation.Positive correlations also exist among self-efficacy, interpretation of tasks,analysis of roles and interpersonal relationships.(4). The socialization oforganizations, initiatives and self-efficacy have a positive effect on adaptation.Among these, the influence of socialization of organizations is the greatest.Lastly, suggestions and proposals in relation to senior vocational schools,enterprises and graduates are put forward based on the conclusions of theresearch.