Research on the Effection of Physical Training Which Act on the Quality of Elderly Life
|Course||Humane and Sociological Science of Sports|
|Keywords||Older persons Physical exercise Quality of life Health|
In the21st century, countries all over the world will be faced with population ageing on social, economic, political, social welfare, health care and other aspects have a significant impact. China’s population age structure due to the decline in fertility, mortality and life expectancy increased combined effect is massive, rapidly moving towards ageing, ageing of the population presents "accelerated in the older population, accelerated in the oldest old, empty nest, accelerated" three characteristics. This demographic transformation, not only for production, circulation, consumption, financial and economic fields, but also act on social administration and public services and social stability and many other aspects. How to promoting the physical health of the elderly, mental health, improve the quality of life of the elderly is one of the hot topics of current research in the field of sociology. Factors affecting the quality of life of older persons, physical health, psychological and social support are the most important determinants of health. Exercise Psychology studies have shown that physical exercise as a very healthy economic behavior for individuals with good physical and mental health effects, but also the most basic improvements in health-status and quality of life of the elderly active and effective way.This paper attempts to reveal the physical exercise on the factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly and its means of action, with scientific methods and means to improve the quality of life of older persons, to improve the quality of life of older persons is of very important significance, as well as for social stability and the long-term stability of the country is of far-reaching significance. This article use literature methods, interview and questionnaire methods, statistical methods, research methods, and four communities1500of Jinan health conducted a study on the situation of older persons. This will on physiological health, and psychological health, and social support as intermediary, research sports exercise for elderly survival quality of effect, in analysis elderly sports exercise on physiological health, and psychological health, and social support of effect and the physiological health, and psychological health, and social support on survival quality effect of based above, building has sports exercise through on body health, and psychological health, and social support of effect role Yu body health of structure model.The results found that the elderly physical exercise has no obvious effects on physical health, and the reason is related to the disease of elderly and inheritance. The elderly physical exercise has negative correlation to the depression and anxiety of psychologic status, the more physical exercise, the lower level of depression and anxiety. The elderly physical exercise has positive correlation to the social support, the more physical exercise, the higher level of social support. The way that physical exercise acts on the quality of life by physical health, physical exercise has no effect to the physical exercise. The way that physical exercise acts on the quality of life by social support, physical exercise has positive correlation to social support, social support has positive correlation to the quality of life. The way that physical exercise acts on the quality of life by the effect of psychologic status, physical exercise has negative correlation to the depression and anxiety, depression and anxiety has negative correlation to the quality of life.