System of exclusion of China 's urban residents entitled to practice
|School||Nanjing Normal University|
|Keywords||Institutional Exclusion Urban subsistence allowances Public Policy|
Since the 1990s, along with China's economic transition and social transformation, the new urban poor groups appear, the subject of urban low-income groups from the traditional \residual lonely old young people of maintenance personnel) into poor workers, unemployed persons and their families, urban poverty has become a hot issue of Chinese society and the government to pay close attention. A measure of the basic right to life of the urban minimum living security system is set up in order to ease the problems of urban poverty, safeguard social stability and safeguard and protect disadvantaged groups. In 1999, the State Council promulgated the \At this point, the urban minimum living security system has become the main content of China's urban social assistance system. Although the starting point of the urban minimum living security system in order to alleviate poverty, to maintain the basic survival needs, but due to the deviation of the concept of the complex institutional arrangements as well as the impact of factors such as the social and cultural environment of urban subsistence allowances in the actual implementation process there many problems: urban subsistence allowances of assistance relative to a single, it is difficult to take measures for different specific circumstances; operation means major hard targets, employment incentive mechanism has not yet been established; household surveys and fraud prevention technology is relatively weak; financial pressure unreasonable funding sources of narrow-raising mechanism; relief is low, it is difficult to maintain a minimum target of basic living standard; serious discrimination and injustice, is not conducive to social stability and economic development. Among them, the system of subsistence allowances system in the course of practice exclusion, to bring structural damage could have low staff. In this study, the use of case studies and semi-structured interview method, self-submit their applications by tracking the minimum target qualification application is approved, as well as the entire process of dynamic management, to explore the the urban low implementation process in the system of exclusion and its consequences; and the Smith policy implementation process model analysis tools, groups from the policy objectives, the policy itself, the implementation of the main body and the four aspects of the social and cultural environment analysis system rejection reasons. Finally, from the practice of philosophy and policy on how to eliminate the system of exclusion: ideas, establish justice, justice, social and cultural environment, and strengthen the awareness of citizens' rights; policy arrangements, to strengthen the system itself justice and procedural justice; policy implementation way to optimize the work of the implementing agencies; finally, to improve the policy evaluation mode, in order to minimize and eliminate the exclusion of the urban minimum living security system in China.