The Comparative Study of Students’ School Belonging
|School||Anhui Normal University|
|Course||Developmental and Educational Psychology|
|Keywords||Student Sense of belonging Questionnaire|
School sense of belonging to the students attending the school of their own, including the hardware environment of the school, and the identity of the human environment by teachers and students of a psychological and attribution. Sense of belonging to a strong school students, more positive and objective understanding of the conditions of the school, agree with the rules and regulations of schools and classes, a relatively high degree of satisfaction with the school environment, there is a strong collective sense of honor; able to actively participate in a variety of classes and school activities, winning glory for the collective; good interpersonal relationships in school, get along with their teachers and classmates harmony, harmony, able to actively emotional support and emotional experience, the school formed a positive attachment willing and pleased to be one of the schools. In this study, a large, primary and secondary students for the study, on the basis of the literature analysis, combined with the findings of the open-ended questionnaire, students' sense of belonging to the school of theoretical conception, and in strict accordance with the general principles and procedures of psychological tests prepared programm student school sense of belonging to the questionnaire. At the same time, explore the status and characteristics of our pupils and students the school a sense of belonging. The main conclusions are as follows: 1, the preparation of the school's students a sense of belonging questionnaire five dimensions consistent with each other: school environment, teacher-student relations, peer relations, collective pride and academic attention, with the theoretical structure of the scale, a total of 26 topics, with good reliability and validity. The total scale α coefficient of 0.845, the split-half reliability of 0.776, the test-retest reliability was 0.849, criterion-related validity is 0.610, indicating scale reliability and validity of the metrology requirements. 2, high school pupils and students a sense of belonging, the total average of 98.729 ± 15.509 (out of 130) in the mid to upper level. Each factor between 3.556-4.176 low scores followed by collective pride, peer relationships, academic concerns, school environment and teacher-student relationship. Collective pride factor score highest, 4.176 ± 0.636, collective sense of honor students in the school sense of belonging to the structure of the most important content, and overall student school belonging gender, urban and rural, the only child, academic performance and educational attainment differences, a significant level of 0.01, the difference is significant. Girls on the high school's sense of belonging than boys; sense of belonging among students in schools in rural areas is lower than urban students; sense of belonging to the one-child school is higher than non-only child; sense of belonging to the school of good scores higher than poor grades students. 4, between different groups of students, most pupils a sense of belonging, followed by junior high school students, and college students, the lowest high school students.