Yunnan rural compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism to the status of implementation of
|School||Kunming University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Educational Economy and Management|
|Keywords||Yunnan Compulsory education in rural areas Rural compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism The status of implementation|
To strengthen the government’s responsibility of safeguards for rural compulsory education, Spread and consolidate compulsory education, Promote comprehensive and balanced development of compulsory education, China has began to reform rural compulsory education system to ensure education funding since the beginning of 2006. The introduction of "national long-term reform and development plan (2010-2020)" in 2010 proposed to further improve the central and local finances funding protection mechanism by sub-projects and proportion, improve the level of protection.Yunnan province is a frontier, ethnic, mountainous areas, poor, "Four in One" under-developed province. Social economic development below the national average, the agriculture population than the total population of the province, urban and rural development is not balanced major problems, minority education overall lags behind, the education around the uneven development. Since the spring semester of 2006, rural compulsory education funds to safeguard mechanism since the reform in the past five years, the time, with the national big policy as the background, with Yunnan timely and formulate issued a series of policies to ensure that reform smoothly and made the obvious improvement.Papers to the education of national function and mandatory education thought, view obligation education financial transfer payment policy, national long-term education reform and development plan for as the theoretical basis, and use of available data, to the rural compulsory education in Yunnan province in the implementation of the financial guarantee mechanism in the analysis.Application of research papers for 3055 students and 177 copies of a questionnaire survey of leadership and teachers questionnaire data in the implementation of the new mechanism of Yunnan in basic analysis; Through the implementation of the year’s graduation rates, dropouts, and explores the public funds, explores the budget public funds, urban and rural primary and middle schools in those of the comparative analysis, as well as teachers to wage of the satisfaction degree of the data analysis, found that "two avoid a" policy, the allotment of public funds and usage of the compulsory education funds, building repair mode, the present situation, the teacher’s transformation mechanism wage protection system of the problems existing in the; Finally from the system and puts forward policy Suggestions for, to solve the rural compulsory education funding in Yunnan province mechanism to ensure the existing problems in the implementation to guarantee the rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism in the healthy development of the Yunnan, and at the same time, for other minority areas of rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism research for reference, and finally promote the balanced development of the compulsory education overall.Rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism in the implementation of the Yunnan province does, indeed, improve the rural area of Yunnan school condition, reduce rural family and school education of the economic burden. Although the existing problems in the implementation cannot be ignored, but rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism on the implementation effect of Yunnan is worthy of affirmation.