The Research of the Mental Demands Satisfaction on the City Empty-Nesters
|School||Changchun University of|
|Keywords||City Empty-nesters Spiritual needs|
Along with the trend of population aging, the implementation of the family planning policy, as well as social development caused population migration and mobility reasons, China is seeing a growing number of empty nesters, and continue to expand the scale of this group. Relatively speaking, the urban empty nesters have more material needs protection, more is reflected in the spiritual aspects of the diverse needs of Therefore, necessary to meet the spiritual needs of the urban empty nesters. In this paper, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, South Gate Community of empty nesters groups with non-empty nesters groups for the survey, the questionnaire on the two groups were compared. Thus the targeted Earth-to-space nesters take questionnaires and personal interviews, and data analysis. This paper is divided into three parts: the first part from the trend of China's aging population, the causes of empty-nesters and their development status quo, the diversity of the spiritual needs of empty nesters, building a socialist harmonious society in China inevitably require four aspect, the need to demonstrate the spiritual needs of China's urban empty nesters satisfied. The second part of the spiritual needs of urban empty nesters to meet the degree of empirical research. Combined population of Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, South Gate Community to analyze the basic characteristics of urban empty nesters groups with non-empty nesters groups, summed up by the survey data, the characteristics of empty nesters: relative economic independence; the second physical health is not optimistic; the third everyday life single closed. The resulting meet the needs of the spirit of the city empty nesters urgency. Empty nesters and summed according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, the theory of social activities and McClelland achievement motivation theory concrete existence of four spiritual needs: emotional needs, respect for the needs of the development of demand, the right to demand. Finally, an empirical investigation through to meet the spiritual needs of the urban empty nesters, the combined data show that the spiritual needs of the urban empty nesters meet the degree of lack. Not met the reality of the third part from the spiritual needs of the city empty-nesters to four aspects: First, the city empty nesters; second is the family; Third Community; government to meet the urban empty nesters The spiritual needs of the measures.