A Study on Qian Lucan
|School||East China Normal University|
|Course||Chinese classical literature|
|Keywords||Qian Lucan comment Study of Confucian classics literary thoughtand Buddhist and Taoist beliefs|
Qian Lucan(1612—1698),born in Changshu,is not only an ancient book collector,a famous Confucian teacher.an important Lay Buddhist of Lin-ji school, a master Taoist priest,but also a literary master,an expert of literature and history during the late Ming to early Qing dynasty. This paper,on the basis of scores of newly-found his essays and poems in the form of rough draft or handwritten copies,including the comments of classics,such as Tso chuan,Book of former han, The songs of chu,Zhuangzi Nan Hua Zhen Jing, Tao jingjie’s poetry, Du Gong Bu Ji,Li Yishans’ poetry, Gui Zhenchuan’s articles,Meicurispoetry,etc..referring to other documents including his genealogy,local chronicles,bibliographies and so on,aiming at explicating his extraction,relatives,life stories,making friends and writings,researching his ideas and psychology’s relationship to social changing,explaining and evaluating the special significance and value of his essays and poems and comments on classics for the field of theory,learning,culture in his time roundly and deeply.On this basis,we will provide the study on the idea of literati and officialdom’s idea and culture with a vivid case during the late Ming to early Qing dynasty,especially for the study on Chinese thoughts history,academic history,literary history and literary critical history.The thesis has five chapters.Chapter1researches textually Qian Lucan’s family background,life and social intercourse,specifically including his lineage,relatives,family tradition,relations by marriage,native place,nicknames,etc..Because of lack of a biography like brief biographical sketch epitaph, few of people know who and what Qian Lucan is.Even if there are some articles about his life,there still have some mistakes.In view of this,this chapter tries to reappear his rough life and reveal his thoughts and knowledge and morality according to his own documents.Then on this basis,we will figure out the situation of social and political events,ideology and culture.Chapter2mainly inspects Xiangling’s writings in all his life.Although a few of his books are found by a part of scholars,most of them aren’t known yet.In order to make clear the detailed information,I have visited dozens of domestic libraries about within four years. I have searched nearly forty types of books,which is written or compiled or commented by Xiangling. Ten of the six or seven of these haven’t been used by researchers. Therefore,this chapter tries to demonstrate the contents and versions and character of them.Chapter3and4analyze several classic books,which Xiangling has commented, such as Book of former han,Zhuangzi Nan Hua Zhen Jing,The songs of chu,Tao Jingjie’s poetry,Du Gong Bu Ji,Li Yishans’ poetry,Gui Zhenchuan’s articles,Meicun’ s poetry,ect..all of them have important values in the field of textual criticism,ancient Chinese Bibliography and Bibliology,academic history.Take literary selections for example,it was viewed as number one by Zhang zhidong.Another example is Du Gong Bu Ji,which was thought of as the first-class one by Liujun.The reason lies in that Xiangling can break old ideas and put forward new opinions.Chapter5analyzes and describes Xiangling’s study of Confucian classics, literary thought and Buddhist and Taoist beliefs.His view of poetry and prose typically epochal character,meanwhile,he can keep watch for currently unhealthy tendency and correct the problems.As for his Buddhism and Taoism belief,Xiangling has learned from great masters.at the same time,he has written down their words and deeds and merits and achievements.Objectively speaking,he leaves plentiful documents for Buddhism and Taoism.