Research on the Effect of Urban Poverty Reduction by Income Growth and Income Distribution in China
|School||Lanzhou Commercial College|
|Keywords||Income Growth Income Distribution Poverty Elasticity Urban Poverty Poverty Simulation Software|
Abstract: Since1990s, the economic and society is being quicklydeveloped, urbanlization is being advanced continuously. Commonly theurban poverty in China should be slowing down, but on the contrary, it isbecoming serious gradually. The study, based on the literature carding andrealistic researching, with the methods of qualitative analysis andquantitative analysis, demonstration analytic and normative analytic, invirtue of the Poverty Simulator Software, using the Statistical data, makesa deeply research of the effect of urban poverty reduction by the incomegrowth and income distribution. And bring forward the countermeasuresand suggestions which depend on the conclusion above.The study includes the following chapters:Chapter1, beginning with the conception of poverty, this chaptermakes a system literature carding both abroad and home which is aboutthe effect of poverty reduction by the income growth and distribution.And we point out that the research of urban poverty in china is lack bothon quantitative and dynamic analysis.Chapter2, analyzing some index of economic growth. we are goingto find the real connection between the economic and poverty. At thesame time, we point out definitely that the period in which the moreequitable policy we did, the faster speed of the economic grows, and the sooner will achieve the poverty reduction purpose has coming.Chapter3, from commenting the calculate method and standard ofpoverty line, we point out the best suitable method and standard to urbanpoverty in china. And then, we explain the FGT index particularly, anddisassemble the poverty avail to income growth avail and incomedistribution avail. This will help us make the foundation for the followinganalytic demonstration.Chapt4, in virtue of the Poverty Simulator Software, we will make adeeply research of the effect of urban poverty reduction by the incomegrowth and income distribution. Generically includes four aspects: First,analyzing the present of urban poverty, which could help us know aboutthe circumstance of urban people through analyzing the Statistical groupsdata. Also, we summarize the quantity of urban poverty people among theresearches. Second, analyzing the FGT index of urban poverty. We deeplyanalysis the effect of urban poverty by income growth and incomedistribution from absolute view and relative view. And then, bydisassembling the Headcount index, we can know the precise change ofpoverty when the income growth or the income distribution is changing atdifferent time. The third, analyzing the Elasticity of urban poverty. In thispart, we analyse the dynamic influence to urban poverty reduction whenincome or distribution is changing. This could be the guideline formaking and carrying poverty reduction police. The fourth, analyzing the economic growth ratio and Pro-poor economic ratio contrastingly, to findout whether the present economic growth is benefit or in what extent topoverty people.Chapt5, based on the analytic demonstration, we bring forward thecountermeasures and suggestions from increasing the income andimproving the distribution. Hoping to offer some useful references to thework of urban poverty reduction in future.Chapt6, conclude the whole paper, we make a system carding of thetheory analysis and demonstrate analysis. And point out the innovationand lack of the study. Also we view the future about the deeply study andthe direction of being perfect.