The Research of Sustainable Urbanization on Ethical Region by Xiangkun
|School||Central South University for Nationalities|
|Course||Chinese minority economic|
|Keywords||Urbanization Environmental Science Resources Sustainable development|
With the rapid development of our economy, the process of industrialization and modernization in our country has got a rapid development too, in such condition, urbanization has to be inevitable. China is a multi-ethnic integration country, the development of ethical region affects the overall economic development directly. Since reforming and opening, our country’s urbanization development got its development road quickly, urbanization hsd reached a very high level, the level of urbanization in ethnic areas also grow with the whole country’s urbanization level.By the end of2010, ethical region town population reached75000000, the level of urbanization reached39.15%, while in2001, our ethical regions urbanization level is only29.50, in a short span of ten years, our ethical regions urbanization level has been so swift, with an average annual growth rate reached3.8percentage. The development of urbanization on ethical region is based on the development of ethical region economic. The development of urbanization on ethical region promoted rural labor population in the structural transfer, improved the overall employment levels in ethnic regions. At the same time, the industrial structure has changed fundamentally, the development of urbanization promoted ethical region resource optimize configuration, and further enhanced the economic development; at the same time, ethnic region supporting infrastructure construction investment continued to strengthen, it will play a huge role in promoting urbanization in ethical region.But with the rapid development of the ethical region urbanization, it showed" high consumption, high emission, low efficiency " features. With the speed up of urbanization on ethical region, resource consumption increased significantly, while the accompanying pollutant emissions also entered the stage of rapid growth, with a large number of emissions of pollutants, environmental pressure is becoming more and more obvious..Through to the analysis on new mode of sustainable urbanization on ethical region, we found it was ivevitable to hold this new mode.We also made suggestions and countermeasures to solve resource and environmental problems in the development of urbanization on ethical region.