Study of western agricultural cooperative economic organizations in China from the perspective of life based on system theory
|School||Kunming University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Management Science and Engineering|
|Keywords||living system theory western agricultural coorperativeeconomic organization index system evaluation model system simulation|
Agriculture is the main industry in Chinese western region and the agricultural cooperative economic organization is an effective way to solve the "three rural" issue. In order to make the western agricultural cooperative economic organizations as a dynamic and self-organizing, self-development living body, in addition to coordinated development of subsystems, it is inseparable from the rural supply and marketing, credit, insurance, logistics and technology protection and support. However, according to the reality of the development of organizations, the one hand, most of the subsystems are unbalanced and awareness of self-regulation is poor, the overall development level is low; the other hand, although relevant departments of the government introduced a number of policies and measures to promote agricultural development, but they are not in accordance with the internal law of organization development, the results are often opposite to government’s original intention, which is related to the lack of integrated system study in theory to the organization. Therefore, by using the living system theory, view the organization as one form in the human life system evolution, by establishing the life system model of organization, comparing life’s characteristics of constitution open system, able to maintain the internal environment stability, self-regulation and self-renewal, analysing the law of the internal subsystms and the relationship between life system and social environment in organization has important practical significance in organizing the development ideas and exploring the development model for organizations in western areas, it has a practical importance scientific in providing the scientific basis for the government to introduce related policies and measures.In this paper, based on living systems theory, synergetics theory, self-organization theory, complex adaptive system theory, drawing on existing research results, by using related approach of economics, systems science, mathematics and other disciplines, developing a comprehensive multi-disciplinary coherence research, to build a living systems theoretical framework of agricultural cooperative economic organization. By use of survey data and information of318organizations in12western provinces, consider the convenience and operability of the research results in the future practical application, conduct qualitative, quantitative and semi-quantitative, comparative analysis, case analysis and system simulation, standard study the organizations, examine the life system development factors of organization, reveal development law of organizations based on the living system theory. On this basis, provides a number of policy proposals for the government to improve the living system development level of western agricultural cooperation economic organization.The study consists of the following five parts. The first part is the literature review, which mainly summarizes the relevant research results of living system theory, mainly review and comments from the domestic and overseas applications of the living system theory. Secondly, the author reviews the research results of agricultural cooperative economic organization, including domestic and overseas theory development and impact factors of organization from theoretical and empirical aspects. And then points out the shortcoming of present research and at the same time puts forward the theoretical and practical significance of this study. The second part is the construction of theoretical model. Combining with the Chinese western practice, based on living systems theory, coordination theory, self-organization theory, Complex adaptive systems theory, transaction cost theory and other farmers’behavior theories for referenceth, this part constructs a living systems theoretical framework. Begining with the analysis of living system arrangement, the author states the object and thoughts of model construction, establishs living system conception model that build by material, control and patterns, analysis the relationship between life system and five social environment sub-systems. On the base of living system model, constructs impact factor index system of the agricultural cooperative economic organization living system development. After putting forward the theoretical model, the author explains the theory fundation, design idea and principle, construction process of the involved variables. And the last of this part is the questionnaire design of this study. The third part is the design of empirical analysis, which is based on the theoretical model and the research object. Firstly it discribes the contents of questionnaire and the process of investigating data in detail, then generalizes the empirical methods and their purposes. Lastly, it states the procedure of empirical analysis. Key part is the analysis on sample characteristics based on field survey data and the conceptual model. By use of factor analysis, cluster analysis and other statistical methods, examine the relationship between variables, develops empirical analysis on organizations, reveal the internal mechanism and development law of life system. The fourth part is case analysis. Typical cases are selected to analyze the influencing factors and development process of the organization living system development in three consecutive years. On this base, the organization development in the next year is simulated by use of system simulation soft. Through the gradual control, the level of organization living system development is enhanced. The fifth part is the summary of this study on the base of theoretical and empirical analysis result, as well as proposals to promote the agricultural cooperative organization living system development.The study results show that the western agricultural cooperative organization is consisted of material, control, pattern and social environment systems.The impact degree of material sub-system is highest. The other subsystems are control, pattern and the social environment subsystem in descending order. These subsystems coordinated development effect the development level of organization. According to the index system, enhancing the elements and maintaining an orderly balance between the subsystems can raise the development level of organization effectively. According the level quantitative criteria, the level of most western agricultural cooperative economic organizations living system development is low. We can calculate the level for the organizations according to their own indicators data. Through horizontal and vertical comparison, we can analyze the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and risks in the process of the living systems development more accurately. By use of system simulation, we can get the key indicators and way to improve the level of organizational living systems development.Based on the above theoretical research and empirical analysis, considering the interaction and coordinated development within the subsystems, this dissertation draw the following Suggestions:In material system, We should expand financing channels, innovate finacing methods, reduce the cost of agricultural products and other measures to solve the shortage of funds and low profit margins; In the control system, transform organization, strengthen exchanges and cooperation, integrate R&D resource to innovate technology, improve democratization and information to strengthen the scientific management; In type system, promote members’initiative and adaptability of anti-risk, establish a high degree risk-sensitive early warning system on the ERP platform, adopt various forms of risk transfer measures to perfect the risk prevention mechanism of the organization. In sosical environment system, integrate financial and credit policy, strengthen the information planning and guidance, establishing policy-oriented agricultural insurance system and other measures to increase the social support for organization.The main progresses of this dissertation make are as following:Firstly, about model construction, it constructs the the living system model including material, control and pattern subsystem which expand the idea of the system modeling. On this based, it constructs the impact elements index system of the Western agricultural coorperative economic organization living system. Secondly, it analyses the factors in-depth for organization living system development. Different from the past study which just analysis the factors affecting orgnization alone, the dissertation also compare the orgnizations on different levels, simulated the organization living system development, and enhance the organization living system development level by control. And the third, it integrates theoretical research, empirical research, the Delphi method, statistical analysis, case studies, system simulation and other methods, breaking the existing single method-based analysis ideas of the agricultural cooperative economic organization development in domestic and international academie, which makes the research more standardized and scientific.