Study on the Development of Special Forest Fruits in New Pattern County
|School||Huazhong Agricultural University|
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||Xinjiang production and construction corps Agricultural division1of thecorps New pattern county Special forest fruit|
"Economic development, live in plenty, civilized farm, favorable environment, democratic management" as a whole framework for new farms was put forward by Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (the Corps for short) in2006, after that, the development direction turned to economic development. An important task was how to develop economy well and fast, increase income of staff and workers. Geographical location, environment resources, industrial foundation and market perspective determined the characteristic fruit industry as the key industry of the Corps. Some research on the characteristic fruit industry were superficial and scattered, therefore, this research systematically summarized and discussed the characteristic fruit industry of the Corps in view of the past research and took the characteristic fruit industry of Agricultural Division1for typical example. The main results were as follows.In recent years, Agricultural Division1of the Corps insisted on market-oriented economy development, agricultural efficiency, to increase income of farmers and economy development were emphasized, keeping regulating on structure of economy of the Corps, accelerating fruit industry transforming from traditional to modern one, therefore, the scale, quality and efficiency of the characteristic fruit industry enhanced dramatically. At present, red date base in the central area of Alar City, apple base centered in corps farm5and6, pear base in two sides of the Tarim river have been formed. The rapid development of fruit industry has produced significant social and economic benefits in local area.The characteristic fruit industry of Agricultural Division1reconfirmed the existing problems in the development.1. Unreasonable structure of varieties, extensive production management, low science and technology, content of extensive yield per unit area is not high.2. Low degree on industrialization of farming and weak ability of processing value-added industry.3. Low degree of fruit industrialization.4. Lack measures on effective market supervision, low intensive processing enterprise.5. Low brand awareness, the way of market marketing was lagging.6. Low industrial consciousness, difficultly to meet the production demand of growers.Countermeasures to speed up the development of characteristic fruit industry of Agricultural Division1:First, put the new garden construction and renovation of old garden combines the base construction. Second, combine the base construction with product development. Third, combine the basic construction and product development together. The relationship between characteristic fruit industry development and new farm construction is interaction and mutual support. Based on the characteristic fruit industry development of new farm construction, the central issue is to guide the rational corps party committees at all levels, combining local resource advantages and development foundation, promote local special advantage industries in the new farm construction development and expansion, and generate strong attraction and concentration, receive the local agricultural surplus labor and expand the scale of development characteristic fruit industry and accelerate the pace of new farm construction.